Overview

Learn about diabetes symptoms, causes & treatments.[read article]

Tests for Diabetes

1.
A glucose test measures the amount of glucose in your blood. Glucose , also known as sugar, is your body's main source of energy. Your body converts the carboh...  More
2.
A glucose tolerance test measures how well your body is able to break down glucose, or sugar. Those who suffer from diabetes (type 1) have trouble processing glucos...  More
3.
A glucose test measures the amount of glucose in your blood. Glucose , also known as sugar, is your body's main source of energy. Your body converts the carboh...  More
4.
A urinalysis is a laboratory test done to detect problems with your body that can appear in your urine. Many illnesses and disorders affect how your body removes wa...  More
5.
HbA1c is a blood test doctors use to determine how high your blood sugar has been in the past few months. Your doctor may order this test if you are diabetic or if ...  More
6.
A physical examination is a routine test your doctor performs to check your overall health. It is also known as a wellness check. A physical examination helps your ...  More
7.
Islet Cells Antibody Test
8.
A glucose test measures the amount of glucose in your blood. Glucose , also known as sugar, is your body's main source of energy. Your body converts the carboh...  More
9.
Insulin is the hormone that is primarily responsible for regulating glucose (sugar) levels in the blood. It is produced by beta cells (specialized cells in the panc...  More
10.
Electrolyte Panel
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Prescribed Medications for Diabetes

1.
REGULAR INSULIN (REG yuh ler IN su lin) is a human-made form of insulin. This medicine lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a short-acting insulin that s...  More
2.
GLYBURIDE (GLYE byoor ide) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. The medicine helps your body to use insulin better.  More
3.
METFORMIN (met FOR min) is used to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. This medicine can be used a...  More
4.
ACARBOSE (AY car bose) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.  More
5.
CHLORPROPAMIDE (klor PROE pa mide) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. This drug helps your body to use insulin better.  More
6.
EXENATIDE (ex EN a tide) is used to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes. This medicine may be used with other oral diabetes medicines.  More
7.
GLIMEPIRIDE (GLYE me pye ride) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. This medicine helps your body use insulin better.  More
8.
GLIMEPIRIDE; PIOGLITAZONE (GLYE me pye ride; pye oh GLI ta zone) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet an...  More
9.
GLIMEPIRIDE; ROSIGLITAZONE (GLYE me pye ride; roe si GLI ta zone) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet a...  More
10.
GLIPIZIDE (GLIP i zide) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. The medicine helps your body to use insulin better.  More
11.
GLIPIZIDE; METFORMIN (GLIP i zide; met FOR min) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. This medicine helps your body to use i...  More
12.
GLYBURIDE; METFORMIN (GLYE byoor ide; met FOR min) to treat type 2 diabetes. It is combined with a diet and exercise. This medicine helps your body to use insulin b...  More
13.
INSULIN ASPART (IN su lin AS part) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a fast acting insulin that starts work...  More
14.
INSULIN ASPART; INSULIN ASPART PROTAMINE (IN su lin AS part; IN su lin AS part PRO ta meen) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in...  More
15.
INSULIN DETEMIR (IN su lin DE te mir) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a long-acting insulin that is usual...  More
16.
INSULIN GLARGINE (IN su lin GLAR geen) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a long-acting insulin that is usua...  More
17.
INSULIN GLULISINE (IN su lin; GLOO lis een) is a human-made form of insulin. This medicine lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a fast acting insulin tha...  More
18.
INSULIN LISPRO (IN su lin LYE sproe) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. This medicine is a rapid-acting insulin th...  More
19.
INSULIN LISPRO; INSULIN LISPRO PROTAMINE (IN su lin LYE sproe; IN su lin LYE sproe PRO ta meen) is a human-made form of insulin. This drug lowers the amount of suga...  More
20.
METFORMIN; PIOGLITAZONE (met FOR min; pye oh GLI ta zone) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exerc...  More
21.
METFORMIN; REPAGLINIDE (met FOR min; re PAG lin ide) is used to treat type 2 diabetes. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. This medicine helps your body t...  More
22.
METFORMIN; ROSIGLITAZONE (met FOR min; roe si GLI ta zone) is a combination medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is co...  More
23.
METFORMIN; SITAGLIPTIN (met FOR min; sit a GLIP tin) is a combination of 2 medicines used to treat type 2 diabetes. This medicine lowers blood sugar. Treatment is c...  More
24.
MIGLITOL (MIG li tol) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.  More
25.
NATEGLINIDE (nuh TAY gli nide) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.  More
26.
PIOGLITAZONE (pye oh GLI ta zone) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.  More
27.
PRAMLINTIDE (PRAM lin tide) is a man-made form of a hormone normally found in the body. It is used to treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes in adults. This medicine work...  More
28.
REPAGLINIDE (re PAG lin ide) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.  More
29.
ROSIGLITAZONE (roe si GLI ta zone) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.  More
30.
SITAGLIPTIN (sit a GLIP tin) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise.  More
31.
TOLAZAMIDE (tole AZ a mide) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. This drug helps your body to use insulin better.  More
32.
TOLBUTAMIDE (tole BYOO ta mide) helps to treat type 2 diabetes. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. This drug helps your body to use insulin better.  More
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Over the Counter Medications for Diabetes

1.
REGULAR INSULIN (REG yuh ler IN su lin) is a human-made form of insulin. This medicine lowers the amount of sugar in your blood. It is a short-acting insulin that s...  More
2.
ISOPHANE INSULIN (NPH) (EYE soe fane IN su lin) is a human-made form of insulin. This medicine lowers the amount of sugar in the blood. It is an intermediate-acting...  More
3.
REGULAR INSULIN: ISOPHANE INSULIN (REG yuh ler IN su lin; ISO fane IN su lin) is a human-made form of insulin. This medicine lowers the amount of sugar in your...  More
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Medical Procedures for Diabetes

1.
Diabetic Monitoring
2.
Administration of Insulin
3.
Studies show nearly 3 out of every 4 women will experience a yeast infection at least once in their life. For women with diabetes, however, the risk is even higher....  More
4.
Nerve damage, circulation problems, and infections can lead to serious foot problems if you have diabetes. However, there are precautions you can take to maintain h...  More
5.
Keep Blood Glucose under Control
6.
Lifestyle Counseling
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Self Care for Diabetes

1.
Blood glucose monitoring is the regular testing of the level of sugar (glucose) in your blood. It is part of the ongoing care for diabetes.Glucose testing can be do...  More
2.
Weight Reduction
3.
Carrying around too much weight feels uncomfortable and it can also damage your health. According the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), obesity rates...  More
4.
Lifestyle Modification
5.
Diabetes Skin Care
6.
Maintain Healthy Weight
7.
Managing your weight involves balancing the number of calories you consume with the calories you burn off through activity. Weight management generally focuses on h...  More
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Herbs and Supplements for Diabetes What's this?

1.
Beta-glucan is a soluble fiber derived from the cell walls of algae, bacteria, fungi, yeasts, and plants. It is commonly used for its cholesterol-lowering effects. ...  More
Efficacy Grade B
2.
Bitter melon ( Momordica charantia L. Curcurbitaceae) has traditionally been used as a remedy for lowering blood sugar in patients with diabetes. Preliminary data e...  More
Efficacy Grade B
3.
Preliminary human evidence suggests that gymnema may be effective in the management of blood sugar levels in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as an adjunct to convention...  More
Efficacy Grade B
4.
The main function of L-carnitine is to transfer long-chain fatty acids in the form of their acyl-carnitine esters across the inner mitochondrial membrane before bet...  More
Efficacy Grade C
5.
Alfalfa is a legume that has a long history of dietary and medicinal uses. A small number of animal and preliminary human studies report that alfalfa supplements ma...  More
Efficacy Grade C
6.
Transparent gel from the pulp of the meaty leaves of Aloe vera has been used topically for thousands of years to treat wounds, skin infections, burns, and numerous ...  More
Efficacy Grade C
7.
Altering the outer shell of rice bran using enzymes from Hyphomycetes mycelia mushroom extract produces Arabinoxylan compound. The product called MGN-3 (or BioBran&...  More
Efficacy Grade C
8.
Berberine is a bitter-tasting, yellow, plant alkaloid with a long history of medicinal use in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Berberine is present in the roots, rhi...  More
Efficacy Grade C
9.
Biotin is an essential water-soluble B vitamin. The name biotin is taken from the Greek word bios meaning life. Without biotin, certain enzymes do not work properly...  More
Efficacy Grade C
10.
Fucus vesiculosus is a brown seaweed that grows on the northern coasts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and the North and Baltic seas. Its name is sometimes used ...  More
Efficacy Grade C
11.
Burdock has historically been used to treat a wide variety of ailments, including arthritis, diabetes, and hair loss. It is a principal herbal ingredient in the pop...  More
Efficacy Grade C
12.
Figs are thought to have been first cultivated in Egypt. They spread to ancient Crete and subsequently, to ancient Greece where they became a staple in the traditio...  More
Efficacy Grade C
13.
The two primary types of basil are closely related: Ocimum basilicum (sweet basil), which is a staple of Italian and Asian cooking, and Ocimum sanctum (holy ba...  More
Efficacy Grade C
14.
Kudzu originated in China and was brought to the United States from Japan in the late 1800s. It is distributed throughout much of the eastern United States and is m...  More
Efficacy Grade C
15.
Banaba is a medicinal plant that grows in India, Southeast Asia, and the Philippines. Banaba has been used for blood sugar control. The hypoglycemic (blood sugar lo...  More
Efficacy Grade C
16.
The main function of L-carnitine is to transfer long-chain fatty acids in the form of their acyl-carnitine esters across the inner mitochondrial membrane before bet...  More
Efficacy Grade C
17.
Astragalus products are derived from the roots of Astragalus membranaceus or related species, which are native to China. In traditional Chinese medicine, astragalus...  More
Efficacy Grade C
18.
Maitake is the Japanese name for the edible fungus Grifola frondosa , which is characterized by a large fruiting body and overlapping caps. Maitake has been used tr...  More
Efficacy Grade C
19.
Pedra hume caá is a medium-sized shrub that grows in drier regions of the Amazon and other parts of Brazil. In Brazil, the common name pedra hume caá refe...  More
Efficacy Grade C
20.
Traditionally, nopal (also known as prickly pear) has both food and medicinal uses. Nopals are common in North American deserts and are generally sold fresh, canned...  More
Efficacy Grade C
21.
Devil's club, a member of the ginseng family (Araliaceae), has long been used for many medical conditions by indigenous peoples of Alaska and the Pacific North...  More
Efficacy Grade C
22.
Pycnogenol® is the patented trade name for a water extract of the bark of the French maritime pine ( Pinus pinaster ssp. atlantica ), which is grown in coastal...  More
Efficacy Grade C
23.
Red clover is a legume, which like soy contains phytoestrogens (plant-based chemicals that are similar to estrogen and may act in the body like estrogen or may actu...  More
Efficacy Grade C
24.
Red yeast rice is the product of yeast ( Monascus purpureus ) grown on rice, and is served as a dietary staple in some Asian countries. It contains several compound...  More
Efficacy Grade C
25.
The term spirulina refers to a large number of cyanobacteria or blue-green algae. Both Spirulina spp . and non- Spirulina spp. fall into the classification of cyano...  More
Efficacy Grade C
26.
Taurine, or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, was originally discovered in ox ( Bos taurus ) bile and was named after taurus, or bull. A nonessential amino acid-like comp...  More
Efficacy Grade C
27.
The thymus is a lobular gland located under the breastbone near the thyroid gland. It reaches its maximum size during early childhood and plays a large role in immu...  More
Efficacy Grade C
28.
Vitamin D is found in many dietary sources such as fish, eggs, fortified milk, and cod liver oil. The sun also contributes significantly to the daily production of ...  More
Efficacy Grade C
29.
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin with antioxidant properties. Vitamin E exists in eight different forms (isomers): alpha, beta, gamma, and delta tocopherol; ...  More
Efficacy Grade C
30.
Since ancient Egypt, white horehound ( Marrubium vulgare L.) has been used as an expectorant (to facilitate removal of mucus from the lungs or throat). Ayurvedic, N...  More
Efficacy Grade C
31.
Efficacy Grade C
32.
Zinc has been used since ancient Egyptian times to enhance wound healing, although the usefulness of this approach is only partially confirmed by the clinical data ...  More
Efficacy Grade C
33.
Dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids include fish oil and certain plant/nut oils. Fish oil contains both docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA...  More
34.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is produced by the human body and is necessary for the basic functioning of cells. CoQ10 levels are reported to decrease with age and to be low...  More
35.
Dandelion is a member of the Asteraceae/Compositae family closely related to chicory. It is a perennial herb native to the Northern hemisphere and found growing wil...  More
36.
Evening primrose oil (EPO) contains an omega-6 essential fatty acid, gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which is believed to be the active ingredient. EPO has been studied...  More
37.
Green tea is made from the dried leaves of Camellia sinensis , a perennial evergreen shrub. Green tea has a long history of use, dating back to China approximately ...  More
38.
Lutein and zeaxanthin are found in high levels in foods such as green vegetables, egg yolk, kiwi fruit, grapes, orange juice, zucchini, squash, and corn. For some c...  More
39.
Milk thistle has been used medicinally for over 2,000 years, most commonly for the treatment of liver and gallbladder disorders. A flavonoid complex called silymari...  More
40.
Glucosamine is a natural compound that is found in healthy cartilage. Glucosamine sulfate is a normal constituent of glycoaminoglycans in cartilage matrix and synov...  More
41.
Melatonin is a hormone produced in the brain by the pineal gland from the amino acid tryptophan. The synthesis and release of melatonin are stimulated by darkness a...  More
42.
Bilberry, a close relative of blueberry, has a long history of medicinal use. The dried fruit has been popular for the symptomatic treatment of diarrhea, for topica...  More
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Alternative Procedures for Diabetes What's this?

1.
The practice of acupuncture originated in China 5,000 years ago. Today it is widely used throughout the world and is one of the main pillars of Chinese medicine. Th...  More
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Efficacy Grade C
2.
Relaxation techniques include behavioral therapeutic approaches that differ widely in philosophy, methodology, and practice. The primary goal is usually non-directe...  More
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Surgical Procedures for Diabetes

1.
Bariatric Surgery
2.
A pancreas transplant is a surgery where a pancreas from a donor body is given to someone who needs a new pancreas. This surgery is most often performed for patient...  More
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