The prostate gland helps make semen and is part of the male reproductive system. It is below a man'...
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The prostate gland helps make semen and is part of the male reproductive system. It is below a man's bladder, on top of the penis and in front of the rectum. It surrounds the urethra, which carries urine from the bladder out through the penis. Prostate cancer occurs because instead of growing and dying in a normal way, abnormal gland cells divide and grow uncontrollably and don't die. Cancer cells can spread from one area or mass to surrounding tissue, and travel through your bloodstream or lymph system to other parts of your body. Early prostate cancer often causes no symptoms and is diagnosed during routine screening with a prostate-specific antigen test, or PSA, or during a digital rectal exam. If the tumor pushes on the bladder or urethra, it can cause problems with urination. Such symptoms are also common with noncancerous conditions such as an enlarged prostate. Other possible symptoms of prostate cancer include blood in the urine or semen, erectile dysfunction, and pain in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs. Treatment for prostate cancer depends on many factors including how fast it is growing, whether it has spread, your age, and potential side effects. Options include surgical removal of the gland, called a prostatectomy; radiation therapy; hormone therapy; and watchful waiting. Sometimes combination treatments are used.