What causes vaginal bleeding? 20 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB)

DUB is a condition that causes vaginal bleeding to occur outside a woman's regular menstrual cycle. It may be accompanied by bloating and breast tenderness.

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Menstrual Problems

Menstrual cycles often bring about a wide array of uncomfortable symptoms leading up to your period. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) encompasses the most common issues, such as mild cramping and fatigue, but the symptom...

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Postmenopausal Bleeding

Postmenopausal bleeding is bleeding from the vagina after a woman has stopped having menstrual cycles due to menopause.

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Threatened Abortion

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Threatened abortion describes vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy. It could indicate risk of miscarriage. During miscarriage, women may have abdominal and lower back pain, and may pass clot-like material from the vagina.

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Miscarriage (spontaneous abortion) is an event that results in the loss of a fetus during early pregnancy. There are many types and causes. Symptoms include heavy spotting, vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, and more.

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Urethritis is an infection of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder and semen out of the body. Symptoms include burning while urinating, abdominal pain, and discharge.

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Heavy, Prolonged, or Irregular Menstrual Periods

Menstrual irregularity refers to any condition that affects or disrupts the normal frequency or intensity of a woman's menstrual cycle.

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What is Placental Abruption, and Why Should You Care?

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

After a woman gives birth and the umbilical cord has been cut, her body sends a signal to her uterus that the placenta is no longer needed. The placenta then begins to peel away from the uterine wall so that it ca...

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Endometriosis occurs when tissue from the lining of the uterus grows outside of it, forming growths on the ovaries and in the pelvic region.

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Inflammation of the Cervix (Cervicitis)

Cervicitis is a common condition that will affect more than half of all women in their adult lives. Normally caused by an infection, symptoms include vaginal bleeding and pain.

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Ectopic Pregnancy

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Ectopic pregnancies occur when a fertilized egg fails to attach to the uterus. In most ectopic pregnancies, the egg will attach to the fallopian tubes. Less common, it may also attach to the abdominal cavity or cervix...

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Endometrial Cancer (Cancer of the Uterine Endometrium)

Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the inner lining of the uterus. You are at greater risk if you are 60-70 years old and have used hormone replacement therapy that contains estrogen.

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Cervical Cancer Overview and History

Cervical cancer was once a leading cause of death among American women. When the Pap smear became widely available, doctors could precancerous changes.

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Von Willebrand Disease

Von Willebrand disease is a rare bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor (VWF), which helps blood clot. Symptoms include excessive nose bleeds and easy bruising.

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Ovarian Cancer

The ovaries are small, almond-shaped organs located on either side of the uterus that produce eggs. As the disease progresses, symptoms include back pain and indigestion.

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Low-Lying Placenta (Placenta Previa)

When the placenta covers part or all of the cervix during the last months of pregnancy, this is called placenta previa, or low-lying placenta. Previous pregnancies, pregnancy surgery, or miscarriages are all ris...

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Factor II Deficiency

Factor II deficiency is a very rare blood clotting disorder caused by a lack of prothrombin, a protein that helps blood clot. Severe cases may cause unexplained bruising, bleeding gums, and nosebleeds.

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Painful Menstrual Periods

Menstruation is a monthly occurrence for women in which the body sheds the uterine lining, which is later passed through the vagina. Pain, cramping, and discomfort during menstruation is normal. Excessive pain is not.

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Fibroids are abnormal growths that develop in or on a woman's uterus. Heavy bleeding, pain in the pelvis or lower back, cramping, and bloating could indicate fibroids.

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Polyp of Cervix

Cervical polyps are small, elongated tumors that grow on the cervix. The cervix is the narrow canal at the bottom of the uterus that extends into the vagina. Polyps are fragile structures that grow from stalks rooted o...

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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