Urinary Incontinence: Types, Causes & Prevention
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What causes urinary incontinence? 26 possible conditions

Urinary incontinence is a loss of control of the bladder. In some cases, it may result in a total loss of the bladder’s contents or it may just cause minor leakage. The condition may be temporary or chronic, depending on its cause. Incontinence can be a... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Benign Enlargement of Prostate

Benign enlargement of the prostate is a common condition in which your prostate gland swells beyond normal size.

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2

Female Urinary Stress Incontinence

Female urinary stress incontinence is the involuntary release of urine during any physical activity that puts pressure on your bladder. This potentially embarrassing condition differs from general incontinence in tha...

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3

Stress incontinence

Stress incontinence is the unintentional or uncontrollable leakage of urine. In other words, the inability to control your urge to urinate in certain circumstances. It is a serious and embarrassing disorder, which ca...

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4

Urge Incontinence

Urge incontinence is a type of urinary incontinence. It occurs when you have a sudden urge to urinate. In urge incontinence, the bladder contracts when it should not, and may cause urine to leak past the sphincte...

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5

Epilepsy Overview

Epilepsy is a neurological condition caused by malfunctioning brain cells that result in seizures. There is no cure for this disorder but episodes can become less frequent.

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6

Urethral Stricture

Usually the urethra is wide enough for urine to flow freely through it. When it narrows, it can restrict urinary flow. This is known as a urethral stricture.

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7

Urethritis

Urethritis is an infection of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder and semen out of the body. Symptoms include burning while urinating, abdominal pain, and discharge.

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8

Neurogenic Bladder

Your brain regulates urination, but sometimes the message that you need to urinate is not sent to your bladder. Read about causes and treatment options.

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9

Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication of types 1 and 2 diabetes due to uncontrolled high blood sugar levels that result in damage to the nerves. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), between 6...

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10

Spinal Cord Injury

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A spinal cord injury, or damage to the spinal cord, is an extremely serious type of physical trauma. It will likely have a lasting and significant impact on most aspects of daily life. According to the Nationa...

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11

Autonomic Neuropathy

Damage to the nerves that help your organs to function can cause a condition called autonomic neuropathy (AN) and is associated with other conditions.

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12

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer occurs in the tissues of the bladder, which is the organ that holds urine. Fatigue, weight loss, painful or frequent urination, and abdominal or back pain are symptoms.

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13

Stroke Overview

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A stroke (a "brain attack") is a medical emergency in which part of the brain is deprived of oxygen. This occurs when an artery that supplies oxygenated blood to the brain becomes damaged and brain cells begin to die.

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14

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal column narrows and starts compressing the spinal cord. This process is typically gradual.

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15

Bedwetting

Bedwetting is the loss of bladder control during the night caused by psychological and physical conditions such as constipation, stress, and prostate gland enlargement.

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16

Peripheral Neuropathy

Your peripheral nervous system connects the nerves from the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system) to the rest of the body, including the arms, hands, feet, legs, internal organs, mouth and face. The job o...

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17

Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that affects plasma cells, which are the white blood cells that make antibodies. Multiple myeloma causes groups of abnormal plasma cells to accumulate in the bones, which can lead t...

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18

Multiple Sclerosis Overview

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. MS can cause varying symptoms that appear with a wide range of severity, from mild discomfort to complete disability.

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19

Spinal Cord Abscess

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Spinal cord abscess (SCA) is a rare condition capable of causing permanent damage to the spinal cord. Abscesses are caused when injured tissue becomes infected. The body's immune system sends white blood cells to hel...

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20

Seizures

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Seizures are changes in the brain's electrical activity that cause violent shaking and loss of bodily control. Bruises can result from injuries sustained during a seizure.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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