What causes urinary hesitancy? 11 possible conditions

Viewing 11 of 11 results

What Is Urinary Hesitancy?

Having difficulties with the flow of your urine is called urinary hesitancy or delayed urination. If you have this condition, you may have trouble beginning to urinate or with maintaining the flow. It can occur in anyone at any age, but is most common in older men. In some cases, it may lead to urinary retention, which means being unable to urinate. This can be very serious.

An enlarged prostate causes most cases of urinary hesitancy in older men. It can also be the result of certain medications, infection, surgery, or a nervous system disorder.

There are some home treatments to help relieve hesitancy, but you should talk to your doctor if you experience symptoms. Through an examination, your doctor can pinpoint the underlying cause of your condition and offer treatment options.

Causes of Urinary Hesitancy

There are many possible causes of urinary hesitancy. In men, the condition is usually related to the prostate, but it may also result from disorders of the nervous system, surgeries, infections, or even psychological issues in both women and men.

Enlarged Prostate

Most men develop an enlarged prostate as they get older. The swelling puts pressure on the urethra—the tube that carries urine from the body. This pressure makes it more difficult to get a flow of urine started or maintain it.


An infection of the prostate is called prostatitis. It is fairly common in men and can cause swelling that puts pressure on the urethra. In women, urinary tract infections can also lead to difficulty with urination.


Certain medications can cause urination problems in people of any age or sex. The drugs that may cause this side effect include certain cold medications, nasal decongestants, and allergy medications. Anticholinergics—which treat stomach cramps, muscle spasms, and incontinence—and some antidepressants may also cause urinary hesitancy.

Nervous System Disorders and Damage

Damaged or diseased nerves can interfere with your flow of urine. Nerves can be damaged by accidents, strokes, childbirth, diabetes, or brain/spinal cord infections. People with multiple sclerosis and children born with a nervous system disorder may also suffer from nerve damage that causes urination problems.


Anesthesia administered during surgery may impair some of your nerves, resulting in urinary difficulties afterward. Surgery near the bladder, kidneys, or urethra can create scar tissue that constricts the urethra, also causing hesitancy.

Shy Bladder Syndrome

In rare cases, someone with urinary hesitancy may have a psychological problem. The inability to urinate in front of others may prevent these people from getting a flow started or maintaining it in certain situations.

How to Relieve Urinary Hesitancy at Home

Heat may help to treat your urination problems. Place a hot water bottle or similar device on your lower abdomen between the bellybutton and the pubic bone. The heat relaxes your muscles and can improve flow. You can also massage the area gently to increase flow. It’s also important to drink plenty of fluids.

When to Seek Medical Help

If hesitancy when urinating is a recurring problem, you should schedule a visit with your doctor. With an exam and diagnostic tools, your doctor can determine the cause of your condition and treat it to help relieve your symptoms.

You should seek immediate emergency help if you are experiencing difficulty urinating along with vomiting, a fever, shaking and chills, or back pain.

You should also get emergency help right away if you cannot urinate at all. This is called urinary retention and causes pain and bloating. It can be very serious if not treated.

What to Expect at a Doctor’s Appointment

When you see your doctor for difficulty with urination, you will first have a physical examination. Your doctor will also ask you several questions. He or she will want to know how long you have been experiencing the hesitancy, when it is the worst, if it is gradual or sudden, if your urine flow is weak, if anything helps and if anything makes it worse. You may also be asked about other symptoms you have, your medical history, and any medications or supplements that you are currently taking.

After an examination, your doctor may order tests to determine the reason for your hesitancy. Tests could include analysis of a sample of your urine or a swab from the interior of your urethra. You may also need to have a catheter—a small, flexible tube— inserted into your urethra to get a sample of urine directly from the bladder.

A cystometric study may also be performed. This involves using a catheter to measure the pressure in your bladder and to detect any leakage. For men, a doctor will likely want to create an image of the prostate using an ultrasound. This is a technique that uses sound waves to produce an image of the gland.

Consequences of Ignoring Urinary Hesitancy

If urination difficulties are ignored, the symptoms will only get worse. Urination may become difficult to the point of being impossible and may lead to significant pain. Ultimately, you could end up with urinary retention, which can be an emergency situation. It is best to visit your doctor as soon as you experience symptoms.

Article Sources:

Read More

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalized calcium or other substances that originate in the kidneys but can pass through the urinary tract. The greatest risk factor is making less than one liter of urine per day.

Read more »



Gonnorhea is a sexually transmitted disease that affects warm, moist areas of the body. Early symptoms include pain when urinating and discharge.

Read more »


Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy occurs when nerves malfunction because they're damaged or destroyed. You'll notice a tingling, numbness, or weakness, and possibly sweating, constipation, or diarrhea.

Read more »


Multiple Sclerosis Overview

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. MS can cause varying symptoms that appear with a wide range of severity, from mild discomfort to complete disability.

Read more »



Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the body's nervous system. It is most likely to be contracted by children under five years old.

Read more »


Prostate Cancer Overview

Learn prostate cancer information, causes, symptoms and treatments.

Read more »


Transitional Cell Cancer (Malignant Neoplasm of Ureter)

The tube that connects the kidneys to the bladder is known as the ureter . Most healthy people have two kidneys and, therefor, two ureters. The top of each ureter is found in the middle of the kidney in an area known a...

Read more »


Autonomic Neuropathy

Autonomic neuropathy is a condition that results from damage to nerves that help organ and organ systems function. It's often a complication associated with other medical conditions, diseases, and certain medications.

Read more »


Bladder Neck Obstruction

The bladder neck is a group of muscles that connect the bladder to the urethra. The muscles constrict to hold urine in your bladder, and relax to release it through your urethra. Urinary problems occur whe...

Read more »


Chronic prostatitis

Chronic prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. The prostate is a small gland located below a man's bladder. It surrounds the urethra and produces most of the fluid in semen. Prostatitis may be caused by ...

Read more »


All About Autonomic Dysrelexia (or Hyperreflexia)

Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is a condition where the involuntary nervous system overreacts to external or bodily stimuli. This reaction causes a dangerous spike in blood pressure, racing heart, constriction of periphera...

Read more »

This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
  • Page 1 of 1
Add another symptom to narrow down the possibilities

I'm experiencing:

Choose from list of symptoms: