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What causes swollen ankle? 37 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Cor Pulmonare

Cor pulmonale causes the right ventricle to enlarge and pump blood less effectively than it should. Shortness of breath, chronic cough, and a blue tint to the mouth and fingernails are all symptoms.

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Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a condition that occurs when the heart muscle is weakened due to insufficient blood flow to the heart's muscle. This inhibits the heart's ability to pump blood and can lead to heart failure.

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Chronic Bronchitis

People often develop acute bronchitis after a viral chest infection. Blue-colored lips ankle or foot swelling can result.

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Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. It is a rare condition that can be caused by any number of autoimmune diseases, viral, bacterial, or fungal infections, or parasites. When you have an infection or a...

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Ascites is when fluid fills the space between the lining of the abdomen and the organs. It usually occurs when the liver stops working properly, causing abdominal bloating and pain, and nausea.

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Infective Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis is an infection of the heart, normally caused by bacteria in the blood stream. It is a serious medical condition. If left untreated, the infection can damage your heart and may even cause death.

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Endocarditis is inflammation of the inner lining of the heart. Possible symptoms of this condition include pale skin, chills, and night sweats.

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Mitral Valve Stenosis

Mitral valve stenosis, also known as mitral stenosis, is when the mitral valve opening is narrowed. This means that not enough blood can flow through it.

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Pericarditis is the inflammation of the sac that surrounds your heart. The sac is a double-layered membrane called the pericardium. The pericardium protects your heart and helps it function properly.Pericarditis can b...

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Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic fever is a possible and potentially serious complication of strep throat. It tends to occur in children between five and 15 years old. Rash is one possible sign of this condition.

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Varicose Veins

Varicose veins occur when your veins become chronically over-filled with blood. They're often painful and unsightly, with a bluish-purple or red coloration. The condition is very common, especially in women.

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Bone Infection (Osteomyelitis)

A bone infection may occur when bacteria or fungi invade the bone, causing many symptoms, including fever, redness, stiffness, and swelling.

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ALS (Lou Gehrig's Disease)

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is not contagious. It is a degenerative disease that affects the brain and spinal cord. A chronic disorder, it causes a loss of control of voluntary muscles. The nerves controllin...

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Acute Nephritis

Acute nephritis occurs when your kidneys suddenly become inflamed. It has several causes, and it can ultimately lead to kidney failure if it's left untreated.

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Teenage Pregnancy

Teenage pregnancy is pregnancy in a woman 19 years of age or younger. A woman can get pregnant if she has vaginal sex with a man at any age after she has started having regular monthly periods. Some signs of pregnanc...

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Lymphatic obstruction is a chronic condition for most people. This means you will probably need to treat the swelling to some degree throughout your life.

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Heart Failure

Right-side heart failure occurs when the right ventricle can't properly pump blood to your lungs to collect oxygen. Excessive fatigue, shortness of breath and abdominal bloating are signs.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.