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What causes swollen ankle? 37 possible conditions

Foot, leg, and ankle swelling is also known as peripheral edema, which refers to an accumulation of fluid in these parts of the body. The buildup of fluid usually isn’t painful, unless it’s due to injury. Swelling is often more apparent in the lower areas... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Ankle Sprain

An ankle sprain is an injury to the ligaments in the ankle. Learn about ankle sprain causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

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2

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a chronic condition that affects the chambers of your heart. CHF refers to fluid buildup around your heart.

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3

Kidney Failure

Your body becomes overloaded with toxins if your kidneys can't do their regular job. This can lead to kidney failure and even be life-threatening.

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4

Obesity

Obesity is an epidemic in the U.S. This condition puts people at a higher risk for serious diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.

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5

Fracture

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A fracture is a broken bone. Learn about the risk factors, symptoms, and treatments for different types of fracture.

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6

What Is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis (OA) occurs when this cartilage (which provides a cushion for bones) wears away. It can occur in any joint in the body, but most commonly affects the knees, hips, spine, and hands.

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7

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is the severe scarring and poor function of the liver caused by long-term exposure to toxins such as alcohol or viral infections.

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8

Pregnancy

Bleeding or spotting, increased need to urinate, tender breasts, fatigue, nausea, and missed period are signs of pregnancy.

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9

Sprains & Strains

Sprains and strains are injuries to the body, often resulting from physical activity. These injuries are common and can range from minor to severe, depending on the incident. Most don't require medical attention.

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10

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendonitis occurs when the tendon that attaches the calf muscles to the heel becomes painful or inflamed due to overuse injuries.

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11

Hypertensive Heart Disease

Hypertensive heart disease refers to heart conditions caused by high blood pressure. Possible signs of acute hypertension include sweating and chills.

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12

Obstructive Uropathy

Obstructive uropathy happens when your urine flow reverses direction due to a blockage in a ureter.

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13

Nutritional Deficiencies (Malnutrition)

A nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn't absorb the necessary amount of a nutrient. Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems.

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14

PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome)

Premenstrual syndrome causes a wide variety of emotional and physical symptoms. Learn more about it.

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15

Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland produces a hormone that controls how your cells use energy (metabolize). Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn't produce enough. Untreated, it can cause complications like obesity and heart disease.

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16

Emphysema

Smoking is the leading cause of emphysema, a disease of the lungs that makes it hard to breathe. Learn more about how emphysema affects you and how it's treated.

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17

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a circulation disorder that affects blood vessels outside of the heart and brain, often those that supply the arms and legs.

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18

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a serious condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein located deep inside your body.

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19

Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis is a serious illness that can be life-threatening and requires immediate treatment. The condition is sometimes called nephritis.

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20

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the progressive and irreversible destruction of the kidneys. The most common causes of CKD are high blood pressure and diabetes.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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