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What causes swelling and swollen ankle? 9 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a chronic condition that affects the chambers of your heart. Learn more about CHF, including symptoms and risk factors.

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2

Sprains & Strains

Sprains and strains are injuries to the body, often resulting from physical activity. These injuries are common and can range from minor to severe, depending on the incident. Most don't require medical attention.

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3

Fracture

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A fracture is a broken bone. Learn about the risk factors, symptoms, and treatments for different types of fracture.

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4

Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland produces a hormone that controls how your cells use energy (metabolize). Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn't produce enough. Untreated, it can cause complications like obesity and heart disease.

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5

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is progressive and irreversible damage to the kidneys. The most common causes of CKD are high blood pressure and diabetes.

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6

Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis is a serious illness that can stop your kidneys from functioning properly. Learn how this condition is diagnosed and treated.

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7

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is the severe scarring and poor function of the liver caused by long-term exposure to toxins such as alcohol or viral infections.

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8

Bone Infection (Osteomyelitis)

A bone infection may occur when bacteria or fungi invade the bone, causing many symptoms, including fever, redness, stiffness, and swelling.

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9

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a circulation disorder that affects blood vessels outside of the heart and brain, often those that supply the arms and legs.

Read more »

This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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