Shoulder Pain: Causes, Treatments & Diagnosis
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What causes shoulder pain? 32 possible conditions

The shoulder has a wide and versatile range of motion. When something goes wrong with your shoulder, it hampers your ability to move freely and can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint that has three main bones:... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Rotator Cuff Injury

The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons that help stabilize the shoulder and aid in movement. Rotator cuff strains or tears are caused by overuse or acute injury. Repetitive lifting can put you at risk.

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2

Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

Rotator cuff tendinitis affects the tendons and muscles that help move the shoulder joint.

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3

Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder is a condition that limits the range of motion in your shoulder. Find out if you're at risk and learn about treatment options.

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4

Thoracic Outlet Syndromes

Learn about the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of thoracic outlet syndrome.

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5

What Is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis (OA) occurs when this cartilage (which provides a cushion for bones) wears away. It can occur in any joint in the body, but most commonly affects the knees, hips, spine, and hands.

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6

Bursitis

Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursae, the fluid-filled sacs that help reduce friction where tendons, skin, and muscle tissues meet bones. Inflammation can cause discomfort and limit range of motion.

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7

Tendon Sheath Inflammation (Tenosynovitis)

Tendons are covered by a protective sheath called synovium, which keeps tendons lubricated. Injury to this area can disrupt this function, causing inflammation.

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8

Tendinitis

Tendonitis causes acute pain that makes it difficult to move the affected joint. Learn about treatments.

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9

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread, unexplained pain in tender points in muscles and joints, including the head, neck, and sides of hips.

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10

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) refers to bleeding within the subarachnoid space, which is the area between your brain and the tissues that cover it.

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11

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis that primarily affects your spine. It causes severe inflammation of the vertebrae that might eventually lead to chronic pain and disability. In more advanced cases, th...

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12

Heart Attack Overview

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A clot blocks the blood flow to the heart (heart attack), and damages heart muscle. Symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, and a blue or grey tinge to the skin.

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13

Slipped (Herniated) Disk

The vertebrae in your spine are cushioned by disks composed of a hard outer ring with a gelatinous material inside. Injury or weakness can cause the inner portion of the disk to break through the outer portion.

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14

Dislocations

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Since a dislocation means your bone is no longer where it should be, you should treat it as an emergency and seek medical attention as soon as possible.

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15

Whiplash

Whiplash occurs when a person's head moves backward and then forward very suddenly with great force. This injury is most common following a car collision.

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16

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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17

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal column narrows and starts compressing the spinal cord. This process is typically gradual.

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18

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Overview

CAD occurs when one or more of the coronary arteries begin to narrow due to the build-up of cholesterol and plaque. The blockage of one of these arteries leads to a heart attack.

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19

Sprains & Strains

Sprain refers to damage or tearing of ligaments or a joint capsule. Strain refers to damage or tearing of a muscle.

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20

Lung Cancer Overview

Lung cancer is a cancer that originates in the lungs. Lung cancer often goes undetected in the early stages, since symptoms don't usually present themselves until the advanced stages of the disease.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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