Short Stature: Causes, Treatments & Tests
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What causes short stature? 16 possible conditions

Short stature is a general term for people whose height is considerably below average, as compared to the height of their peers. While it can apply to adults, the term is most often used in reference to children. A child can be significantly shorter than... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Kwashiorkor

Kwashiorkor is a serious form of malnutrition caused by a lack of protein. Learn how to spot this condition and how it can be prevented.

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2

Turner Syndrome (Monosomy X)

Turner syndrome is a genetic condition caused by an abnormality on one of your sex chromosomes. It is also called monosomy X.

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3

Nutritional Deficiencies (Malnutrition)

A nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn't absorb the necessary amount of a nutrient. Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems.

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4

Growth Hormone Deficiency

A growth hormone deficiency (GHD) occurs when a person's pituitary gland does not produce enough growth hormone. It is a condition common in children.

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5

Congenital Heart Defects

Congenital heart disease is a heart defect present at birth. Each year, one in 125 babies in the U.S. is born with this disease. Learn about symptoms and treatment.

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6

Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia is one of the most common types of dwarfism. Learn about its causes, diagnosis, and treatment.

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7

Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland produces a hormone that controls how your cells use energy (metabolize). Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn't produce enough. Untreated, it can cause complications like obesity and heart disease.

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8

Rickets

Rickets is a disorder that can develop due to a lack of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Learn about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of rickets.

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9

Fanconi Anemia

Fanconi anemia or FA is a genetic disorder that results in bone marrow failure. It is a recessive gene disorder. This means that in order for you to develop FA, your parents will both have to have the defective FA gene...

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10

Brittle Bone Disease (Osteogenesis Imperfecta)

Learn about brittle bone disease and what causes it. Find information on the types, symptoms, and treatment options.

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11

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is the most common type of arthritis in children. Learn about juvenile rheumatoid arthritis symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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12

Hypogonadism

Hypogonadism occurs when your sex glands produce little or no sex hormones. The sex glands are primarily the testes in men and the ovaries in women.

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13

Acrodysostosis

Genetic changes that occur while the fetus is growing can cause disorders that are present at birth. These are sometimes referred to as "congenital disorders." Acrodysostosis is one such condition, albeit a rare one...

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14

Thalassemia

Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder that results in excessive destruction of red blood cells (anemia). Symptoms depend on its severity, and can range from minor anemia to enlargement of organs or fetal death.

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15

Aarskog Syndrome

Aarskog syndrome is a very rare genetic disorder that can affect a person's stature, facial features, genitalia, muscles, and bones.

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16

Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma

Adrenal cortical carcinoma is a rare disease caused by a cancerous growth in the adrenal cortex.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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