Painful Menstrual Periods: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments
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What causes painful menstruation? 13 possible conditions

Menstruation is a monthly occurrence for women in which the body sheds the lining of the uterus (womb), which is then passed through a small opening in the cervix and out through the vaginal canal. Some pain, cramping, and discomfort during menstrual... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Heavy, Prolonged, or Irregular Menstrual Periods

The duration and severity of menstrual bleeding varies from woman to woman. It's known as menorrhagia if a woman's menstrual period is excessively heavy, prolonged, or irregular.

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Endometriosis is a disorder in which the tissue that forms the lining of your uterus grows outside of your uterine cavity. The lining is called the endometrium.

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Fibroids are abnormal growths that develop in or on a woman's uterus. Learn about fibroids' major indicators, including heavy bleeding, pelvis pain, cramping, and bloating.

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What is Fertility?

Infertility means you haven't gotten pregnant after a year of trying. If you're a woman over 35, it means you haven't gotten pregnant after six months.

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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the reproductive organs in women. It's marked by pain in the abdomen, especially during urination or sex.

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Depression Overview

Depression is a mood disorder that can cause extreme and persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness. Depression type largely determines what kind of medical treatment is best.

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Stress And Anxiety

Stress and anxiety are a normal part of life, but in some people, they can become bigger issues. Learn what causes stress and anxiety and how to manage them.

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What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread, unexplained pain in tender points in muscles and joints, including the head, neck, and sides of hips.

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Learn more about anxiety with this overview of anxiety disorders.

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PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome)

Premenstrual syndrome causes a wide variety of emotional and physical symptoms. Learn more about it.

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Necrotizing Vasculitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Necrotizing vasculitis is the inflammation of blood vessel walls. It can interrupt blood flow, causing skin, muscle, and blood vessel damage.

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Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic kidney disease is an inherited kidney disorder. It causes fluid-filled cysts to form in the kidneys. It may impair kidney function.

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Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition that occurs when the parathyroid glands in the neck don't produce enough parathyroid hormone (PTH).

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.