What causes pain and skin redness? 21 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a common, often painful skin infection that first appears as a red, swollen area that feels hot and tender to the touch. If left untreated, it can become life-threatening.

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2

Chemical Burns

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Chemical burns occur when the skin or eyes come into contact with irritants, such as acids or bases. Symptoms vary, but skin reactions, pain or numbness are common.

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3

Burns

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Burns are characterized by severe skin damage in which many of the affected cells die. Most people can recover from burns without serious health consequences.

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4

First Degree Burn

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A first-degree burn is a superficial burn affecting the first layer of skin. It is a mild form of skin injury, though large and painful burns may require a doctor visit.

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5

Stasis Dermatitis And Ulcers

Stasis dermatitis is skin inflammation caused by blood pooling in the veins in the legs. Pooling causes pressure inside the veins to rise. This elevated pressure causes damage to the capillaries, resulting in cell death.

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6

Drug Allergy Overview

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A drug allergy is an allergic reaction to a medication. Your immune system identifies the drug as foreign and acts to eliminate it from your body.

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7

Shingles

Shingles is an infection caused by the varicella-voster virus, which also causes chickenpox. Following pain and burning,fluid-filled blisters that break easily are common symptoms.

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8

Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever is an infection that may develop after strep throat. It usually affects children between six and 15 years old. It can cause a rash that consists of small red bumps and feels like sandpaper.

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9

Psoriasis Overview

Psoriasis is a chronic, noncontagious skin disease characterized by red patches of skin often accompanied by silvery-white scales of dead skin cells. It may occur anywhere on the body.

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10

Bites and Stings

Saliva from insect bites and venom from stings can cause a reaction such as swelling and itching. Bee stings can cause these symptoms and possibly anaphylaxis, a life-threatening condition.

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11

Polycythemia Vera

Polycythemia vera is a disorder in which the body produces an excessive amount of red blood cells. This can lead to clots, which block blood from reaching the heart or brain, causing serious damage.

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12

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when the edges or corners of the nail grow into the skin next to it, causing tenderness, redness, and even bleeding.

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13

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a bone cancer that tends to develop during growth spurts, typically occurring in the shinbone, thighbone, or upper arm. Some symptoms are swelling and redness.

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14

Thrombophlebitis

Thrombophlebitis is an inflammation of a vein, usually in the leg, that can cause swelling or redness. If left untreated, it can lead to a pulmonary embolism.

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15

Anal/Rectal Abscess

An anal or rectal abscess occurs when a cavity in the anus fills with pus. The abscess can cause pain, fatigue, rectal discharge, and fever. If it does not heal properly, it can cause great pain and require surgery.

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16

Marine Animal Bites or Stings

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Stingrays have venomous spines on their tails that can cause a painful wound, nausea, and weakness, and sometimes death. Swimming or snorkeling in shallow waters puts you at risk for coming in contact.

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17

Poisoning Due to Black Widow Spider Venom (Black Widow Spider Bites)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A black widow spider bite may cause redness and swelling in the area of the bite before more serious symptoms develop, including pain in the chest and abdomen, and muscle cramps.

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18

Neutropenia

Neutropenia occurs when a type of white blood cell called neutrophils that protects your body from infections is low. It can cause symptoms like gum inflammation and mouth sores.

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19

Leprosy

Leprosy is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection that primarily affects the nerves of the extremities, lining of the nose, and upper respiratory tract. It can cause numbness or dulled sensation.

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20

Ankle Ulcers

An ankle ulcer is an open sore or lesion on the ankle that is slow to heal or keeps returning.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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