Pain, Painful urination: 24 Possible Causes
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What causes pain and painful urination? 24 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalized calcium or other substances that originate in the kidneys but can pass through the urinary tract. The greatest risk factor is making less than one liter of urine per day.

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Urinary Tract Infection

UTIs are usually caused by bacteria and can occur in any part of the urinary tract. Symptoms of upper UTIs include pain in the upper back, chills, fever, and nausea.

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Obstructive Uropathy

Obstructive uropathy happens when your urine flow reverses direction due to a blockage in a ureter.

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Urethral Stricture

Usually the urethra is wide enough for urine to flow freely through it. When it narrows, it can restrict urinary flow. This is known as a urethral stricture.

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Bladder Infection

A bladder infection is a bacterial infection. It also may be called a urinary tract infection (UTI), which refers to infection anywhere in the urinary tract, including the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra.

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Urethritis is a condition in which the urethra, or the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body, becomes inflamed and irritated.

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Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. Learn more about its symptoms and how your doctor can treat it.

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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the reproductive organs in women. It's marked by pain in the abdomen, especially during urination or sex.

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Bladder Cancer

The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that affects warm, moist areas of the body. Early symptoms include pain when urinating and discharge.

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Vulvovaginitis is a common infection of the vulva and vagina. Symptoms may include itching, discomfort while urinating, and increased vaginal discharge.

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Menopause is a natural biological process in women that marks the permanent end of menstruation and fertility. Hot flashes, vaginal dryness or pain, and frequent urination are signs.

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Dyspareunia is painful sexual intercourse. The same term is used whether the pain results from a medical or a psychosocial problem.

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Postmenopausal Atrophic Vaginitis

Postmenopausal atrophic vaginitis normally occurs after menopause. The condition can lead to increased vaginal infections and may make sexual intercourse painful.

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Vaginal Yeast Infection

A vaginal yeast infection is a common female condition caused by a fungus. Symptoms include intense itching, swelling, and irritation. Treatment is often relatively simple.

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Epididymitis is an inflammation of the epididymis, a tube located at the back of the testicles. Learn about epididymitis symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney and upper urinary tract. Symptoms include flushed skin, back pain, fever, and nausea.

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Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis

Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis is a condition that causes pain and inflammation in the prostate and the lower urinary tract in men.

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Chlamydia Infection

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that should be treated quickly in order to avoid complications. It is caused by bacteria that are usually spread through sexual contact. People with chlamydia often don't hav...

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Orchitis is the inflammation of the testicles. It can be caused by either a bacterial or viral infection. It's commonly caused by the mumps virus.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.