Dyspareunia | Definition and Patient Education
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What causes pain with intercourse? 22 possible conditions

Dyspareunia is the term for recurring pain in the genital area or within the pelvis during sexual intercourse. The pain can be sharp or intense. It can occur before, during, or after sexual intercourse. Dyspareunia is more common in women than men. It has... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Postmenopausal Atrophic Vaginitis

Postmenopausal atrophic vaginitis normally occurs after menopause. The condition can lead to increased vaginal infections and may make sexual intercourse painful.

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2

Menopause

Menopause is a natural biological process in women that marks the permanent end of menstruation and fertility. Hot flashes, vaginal dryness or pain, and frequent urination are signs.

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3

Vaginismus

Some women have involuntary contractions of their vaginal muscles. This is known as vaginismus and it can prevent sexual intercourse or make it very painful.

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4

Gonorrhea

Gonnorhea is a sexually transmitted disease that affects warm, moist areas of the body. Early symptoms include pain when urinating and discharge.

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5

Vaginal Yeast Infection

A vaginal yeast infection is a common female condition caused by the fungus candida. Symptoms include intense itching, swelling, and irritation.

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6

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the reproductive organs in women. It's marked by pain in the abdomen, especially during urination or sex.

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7

Inflammation of the Cervix (Cervicitis)

Cervicitis is a common condition that will affect more than half of all women in their adult lives. Normally caused by an infection, symptoms include vaginal bleeding and pain.

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8

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a disorder in which the tissue that forms the lining of your uterus grows outside of your uterine cavity. The lining is called the endometrium.

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9

Bladder Infection

A bladder infection is a bacterial infection. It also may be called a urinary tract infection (UTI), which refers to infection anywhere in the urinary tract, including the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra.

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10

Cervical Dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia is a condition in which healthy cells on the cervix undergo some abnormal changes. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that leads into the vagina. It is the cervix that dilates durin...

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11

Epididymitis

Epididymitis is inflammation of the epididymis, the tube located at the back of the testicles that stores and carries sperm. It's usually caused by a bacterial or sexually transmitted infection.

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12

Orchitis

Orchitis is the inflammation of the testicles. It can be caused by either a bacterial or viral infection. It's commonly caused by the mumps virus.

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13

Urethritis

Urethritis is an infection of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder and semen out of the body. Symptoms include burning while urinating, abdominal pain, and discharge.

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14

Ovarian Cysts

Most women will develop at least one cyst on their ovaries during their lives. In most cases, these cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.

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15

Cervical Cancer Overview and History

Cervical cancer was once a leading cause of death among American women. When the Pap smear became widely available, doctors could precancerous changes.

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16

Uterine Prolapse

If the muscles or ligaments that hold the uterus (womb) in place stretch or become weak, prolapse occurs. Uterine prolapse occurs when the uterus sags or slips from its normal position and into the vagina (birth canal).

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17

Chlamydia Infection

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that should be treated quickly in order to avoid complications. It is caused by bacteria that are usually spread through sexual contact. People with chlamydia often don't hav...

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18

Endometrial Cancer (Cancer of the Uterine Endometrium)

Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the inner lining of the uterus. You are at greater risk if you are 60-70 years old and have used hormone replacement therapy that contains estrogen.

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19

Bartholin's Abscess

Bartholin's abscesses occur when the Bartholin's glands, located on either side of the opening of the vagina, become obstructed and infected. If the gland becomes blocked, a cyst will usually form first.

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20

Vulvar Cancer

Vulvar cancer is a cancer of the vulva, or a female's external genitals. Learn about the symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of vulvar cancer.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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