Muscle Atrophy: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis
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What causes muscle wasting? 18 possible conditions

Muscle atrophy is when muscles waste away. The main reason for muscle wasting is a lack of physical activity. This can happen when a disease or injury makes it difficult or impossible for you to move an arm or leg. You may have muscle loss if one of your... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder that occurs when your peripheral nerves malfunction because they're damaged.

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2

Polio

Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the body's nervous system. It is most likely to be contracted by children under five years old.

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3

Multiple Sclerosis Overview

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. MS can cause varying symptoms that appear with a wide range of severity, from mild discomfort to complete disability.

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4

Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that can result in severe weight loss. Learn more about warning signs and treatment.

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5

AIDS

There are many symptoms of HIV/AIDS, including persistent skin rashes, night sweats, and mouth sores.

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6

Osteomalacia

Osteomalacia is a weakening of the bones that can lead to serious health complications. Here's a look at the symptoms and treatment options.

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7

Slipped (Herniated) Disk

The vertebrae in your spine are cushioned by disks composed of a hard outer ring with a gelatinous material inside. Injury or weakness can cause the inner portion of the disk to break through the outer portion.

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8

Hypercalcemia

Hypercalcemia is a condition in which you have too much calcium in your blood.

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9

Kwashiorkor

Kwashiorkor is a serious form of malnutrition caused by a lack of protein. Learn how to spot this condition and how it can be prevented.

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10

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease and Mad Cow Disease

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is an infectious disease that causes the brain to degenerate. Learn about causes, symptoms, and its connection to "mad cow disease."

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11

Axillary Nerve Dysfunction

Axillary nerve dysfunction (AND) is a loss of movement or sensation in the shoulder area.

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12

Type 2 Diabetes Overview

Type 2 diabetes is a common chronic metabolic disease that leads to abnormally high levels of blood sugar in the blood. This blood sugar is also referred to as glucose.

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13

ALS (Lou Gehrig's Disease)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative disease that affects the brain and spinal cord. It causes loss of control of voluntary muscles.

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14

Necrotizing Vasculitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Necrotizing vasculitis is the inflammation of blood vessel walls. It can interrupt blood flow, causing skin, muscle, and blood vessel damage.

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15

All About Abetalipoproteinemia

Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) is an inherited condition that prevents the body from completely absorbing certain dietary fats.

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16

Malabsorption Syndrome

Malabsorption syndrome occurs when the intestine's ability to absorb important nutrients is compromised. Certain conditions, such as Celiac disease, cystic fibrosis, and dairy allergies may lead to malabsorption.

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17

Legg-Calve-Perthes' Disease

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is when the top of the femur, called the ball, doesn't receive enough blood.

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18

Becker Muscular Dystrophy

Becker muscular dystrophy is a genetic condition that damages muscles over time and results in tissue loss. Read about symptoms and treatment.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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