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What causes muscle pain and vomiting? 31 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Viral Gastroenteritis

Viral gastroenteritis, also known as the stomach flu, is caused by a number of different viruses. Its symptoms usually last for two to three days.

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Cold and Flu Overview

Common colds and influenza are contagious infections that affect the respiratory system. Both are airborne illnesses, spread through coughing and sneezing. Shared symptoms include headache, cough, sore throat, and more.

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Swine Flu

Swine flu, also known as H1N1, is a highly contagious virus with symptoms similar to common influenza types. It spreads quickly from person to person, and can linger on tables and surface areas.

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Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It is typically transmitted through the bite of a mosquito infected with Anopheles. Nausea, chills, fever, and diarrhea are common symptoms.

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In hyperparathyroidism, the parathyroid glands make too much of their hormone. It affects a number of body systems and can cause skin changes, including brittle nails and itching.

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Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It's commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis.

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Ebola Virus and Disease

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Ebola disease is a rare, often fatal illness. One of its late-stage symptoms is a bleeding rash over the entire body.

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Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease that affects much of the tropical region and is caused by one of four dengue viruses. A skin rash between two and five days after the initial fever is a common symptom.

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Colorado Tick Fever

An infected Rocky Mountain Wood tick can spread Colorado tick fever, a viral infection. A faint, occasional rash is one symptom of this condition.

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Salmonella Food Poisoning (Salmonella Enterocolitis)

Salmonella food poisoning is an infection in the small intestine by Salmonella, which is found in animal feces. It's marked by abdominal pain, chills, diarrhea, fever, muscle pain, and vomiting.

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Porphyrias are rare types of genetic blood disorders in which patients have a defect in heme production, an important part of hemoglobin. Blisters are a sign of porphyria cutanea tarda, the most common type of porphyria.

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication that stems from diabetes. If you don't have enough insulin to help your body process sugars (glucose), your body will start burning fat to fuel itself. As a result...

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Subarachnoid hemorrhage

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

This life-threatening hemorrhage involves bleeding between the brain and the tissues that cover it. If you experience an extreme headache, a popping sound in your head, seizures, and other symptoms, seek immediate help.

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Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is liver inflammation caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It can be chronic or acute, but most cases are chronic. This disease is easily spread through blood, saliva, and other body fluids.

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Toxic Shock Syndrome

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Toxic shock syndrome is a rare, serious condition caused by a bacterial infection. Rash is one of several common signs for this symptom.

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Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the body's nervous system. It is most likely to be contracted by children under five years old.

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Typhus fevers are caused by a bacteria that is transmitted by bites from fleas, ticks, mites, and other arthropods. Rash is a common symptom of typhus.

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The Plague

The plague is a serious bacterial infection that can be deadly. It's caused by poor sanitation, overcrowding, and large rodent populations.

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Endometriosis is a disorder in which the tissue that forms the lining of your uterus grows outside of your uterine cavity. The lining is called the endometrium.

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Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is caused by a virus and mostly affects children. The disease is marked by feeling unwell, often followed by a red rash on the cheeks.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.