What causes mental retardation and seizures? 10 possible conditions

Viewing 10 of 10 results

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a disorder of muscle movement and coordination caused by an injury to a child's brain that occurs before birth or during infancy. It affects the part of the brain that controls body movement. Othe...

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2

Phenylketonuria

Phenylketonuria is a rare genetic condition in which the body is unable to breakdown phenylalanine, an essential amino acid.

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3

Muscular Dystrophies

Muscular dystrophies are a group of diseases that cause damage and weakness to muscles over time. This damage and weakness is caused by the lack of a protein called dystrophin, which is necessary for normal muscl...

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4

Tuberous Sclerosis

Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is a rare genetic condition. Sometimes called tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), the disorder causes noncancerous (benign) tumors to grow in the brain and other vital organs, and on the skin...

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5

Ito Syndrome (Incontinentia Pigementi Achromians)

Ito syndrome (IS) is a rare condition characterized by loss of skin color on certain parts of the body. A serious abnormality associated with it is balding and missing or abnormally shaped teeth and nails.

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6

Huntington's Disease

Huntington's disease is a hereditary condition in which the brain's nerve cells gradually break down. This affects physical movements, emotions, and cognitive abilities. There is no cure, but there are ways to cope wit...

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7

Aicardi Syndrome

Aicardi syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that interferes with the formation of the corpus collusum, the connector between two hemispheres of the brain. Medical researchers do not believe that the disorder is passe...

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8

Tay-Sachs Disease

Tay-Sachs is a disease of the central nervous system; it is a neurodegenerative disorder. Tay-Sachs most commonly affects infants. In infants, it is a progressive disease that is unfortunately always fatal. Rarely...

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9

As Rare as it Gets: Chediak Higashi Syndrome

Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is an extremely rare form of partial albinism that is accompanied by problems in the immune and nervous systems. Albinism is a lack of color in the skin, hair, and eyes. This specific typ...

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10

Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome

Basal cell nevus syndrome is a group of defects caused by a rare genetic condition that can cause tumors in the jaw.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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