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What causes joint stiffness and pain? 17 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Sprains & Strains

Sprains and strains are injuries to the body, often resulting from physical activity. These injuries are common and can range from minor to severe, depending on the incident. Most don't require medical attention.

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2

Arthritis

There are more than 100 different types of arthritis. Learn the basics and how your doctor might treat it.

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3

What Is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis (OA) occurs when cartilage that cushions bones at the joints wears away. Learn about symptoms and treatment options for OA.

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4

Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland produces a hormone that controls how your cells use energy (metabolize). Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn't produce enough. Untreated, it can cause complications like obesity and heart disease.

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5

Rheumatoid Arthritis Overview

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. It causes joint problems. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system mistakes the body's own cells for invaders.

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6

Tendon Sheath Inflammation (Tenosynovitis)

Tendons are covered by a protective sheath called synovium, which keeps tendons lubricated. Injury to this area can disrupt this function, causing inflammation.

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7

Gout Overview

More than 8 million Americans experience gout, a condition that causes painful inflammation in the joints. Learn more about gout.

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8

Viral Gastroenteritis

Viral gastroenteritis, also known as the stomach flu, is caused by a number of different viruses. Its symptoms usually last for two to three days.

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9

Kyphosis

Kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback, is a condition in which the spine in the upper back has an excessive curvature. The upper back, or thoracic region of the spine, is supposed to have a slight natura...

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10

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear

A tear in your anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can cause pain and swelling. Learn symptoms and treatment options.

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11

Underactive Pituitary Gland (Hypopituitarism)

Hypopituitarism occurs when your pituitary gland in your brain is not releasing one or more of the eight hormones it should be releasing.

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12

Sarcoidosis

Learn about sarcoidosis and its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and potential complications.

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13

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is the most common type of arthritis in children. Learn about juvenile rheumatoid arthritis symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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14

Hashimoto's Disease

Hashimoto's disease is a condition that damages the thyroid's ability to function properly. It can cause a goiter, or enlarged thyroid, which can make the front of the neck look swollen.

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15

Temporal Arteritis

Temporal arteritis occurs when the temporal arteries, which supply blood to the head and brain, become inflamed or damaged.

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16

Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis)

Valley fever is an infection caused by the Coccidioides fungus. Learn about valley fever symptoms, causes, treatment, prevention, and more.

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17

Colorado Tick Fever

Colorado tick fever is a viral infection transmitted through a bite from an infected tick. Learn about Colorado tick fever symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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