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What causes joint pain and muscle pain? 44 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Sprains & Strains

Sprains and strains are injuries to the body, often resulting from physical activity. These injuries are common and can range from minor to severe, depending on the incident. Most don't require medical attention.

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2

CFS (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome)

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating disorder characterized by extreme tiredness that can't be explained by an underlying medical condition.

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3

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a disorder tied to widespread pain in your muscles and bones, areas of tenderness, and fatigue. Learn about its symptoms, treatment, and more.

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4

Rheumatoid Arthritis Overview

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. It causes joint problems. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system mistakes the body's own cells for invaders.

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5

Cold and Flu Overview

Common colds and influenza are contagious infections that affect the respiratory system. Both are airborne illnesses, spread through coughing and sneezing. Shared symptoms include headache, cough, sore throat, and more.

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6

Dermatomyositis

Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disease. It's an inflammatory myopathy, which is a condition that occurs when your muscles become inflamed.

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7

AIDS

If left untreated, HIV can lead to AIDS. AIDS weakens your immune system to the point where it can no longer fight off disease and infection. Learn more.

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8

Swine Flu

Swine flu, or H1N1, is highly contagious and can spread quickly from person to person. A simple sneeze may cause thousands of germs to spread through the air. Symptoms are similar to regular influenza.

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9

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus, the most common form of lupus, is a chronic autoimmune disease that can cause severe fatigue and joint pain. Learn more about it.

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10

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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11

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is an infectious disease that's transmitted to humans through tick bites. Learn how Lyme disease is diagnosed and treated, and learn how to prevent tick bites.

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12

Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism is a condition where the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone (PTH).

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13

Hepatitis

Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It's commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis.

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14

Ebola Virus and Disease

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Ebola disease is a rare, often fatal illness. One of its late-stage symptoms is a bleeding rash over the entire body.

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15

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease that affects much of the tropical region and is caused by one of four dengue viruses. A skin rash between two and five days after the initial fever is a common symptom.

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16

Temporal Arteritis

Temporal arteritis occurs when the temporal arteries, which supply blood to the head and brain, become inflamed or damaged.

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17

Lead Poisoning

Lead is a toxic metal and a very strong poison. Lead poisoning is serious and sometimes fatal. Discover the causes, treatments, and tips for prevention.

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18

Sarcoidosis

Learn about sarcoidosis and its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and potential complications.

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19

Polio

Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the body's nervous system.

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20

Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is common in children. It causes a red rash on the arms, legs, and cheeks, and a virus called parvovirus B19 causes it.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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