Joint pain, Muscle pain: 44 Possible Causes
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What causes joint pain and muscle pain? 44 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Sprains & Strains

Sprain refers to damage or tearing of ligaments or a joint capsule. Strain refers to damage or tearing of a muscle.

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2

CFS (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome)

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating disorder characterized by extreme tiredness that can't be explained by an underlying medical condition.

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3

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread, unexplained pain in tender points in muscles and joints, including the head, neck, and sides of hips.

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4

Rheumatoid Arthritis Overview

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease, a disease in which the immune system mistakes the body's own cells for invaders. In RA, the immune system attacks the synovia, the membranes lining the joints.

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5

Cold and Flu Overview

Common colds and influenza are contagious infections that affect the respiratory system. Both are airborne illnesses, spread through coughing and sneezing. Shared symptoms include headache, cough, sore throat, and more.

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6

Dermatomyositis

Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disease. It's an inflammatory myopathy, which is a condition that occurs when your muscles become inflamed.

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7

AIDS

There are many symptoms of the autoimmune disease HIV/AIDS, including persistent skin rashes, night sweats, and mouth sores.

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8

Swine Flu

Swine flu, or H1N1, is highly contagious and can spread quickly from person to person. A simple sneeze may cause thousands of germs to spread through the air. Symptoms are similar to regular influenza.

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9

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease and the most common type of lupus. One of its common symptoms is a rash on the cheeks and nose called a "butterfly rash."

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10

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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11

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is an infectious condition transmitted via tick bite. A "bull's eye" rash at the site of the bite is an early symptom of this disease.

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12

Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism is a condition where the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone (PTH).

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13

Hepatitis

Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It's commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis.

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14

Ebola Virus and Disease

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Ebola disease is a rare, often fatal illness. One of its late-stage symptoms is a bleeding rash over the entire body.

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15

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease that affects much of the tropical region and is caused by one of four dengue viruses. A skin rash between two and five days after the initial fever is a common symptom.

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16

Temporal Arteritis

Temporal arteritis occurs when the temporal arteries, which supply blood to the head and brain, become inflamed or damaged. It's also called giant cell arteritis.

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17

Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning occurs when lead builds up in the body. It is serious and sometimes fatal. Lead can be found in paint, art supplies, and other items. Poisoning may cause severe abdominal pain, seizures, and more.

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18

Sarcoidosis

Learn about sarcoidosis and its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and potential complications.

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19

Polio

Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the body's nervous system. It is most likely to be contracted by children under five years old.

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20

Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is common in children. It causes a red rash on the arms, legs, and cheeks, and a virus called parvovirus B19 causes it.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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