Hoarseness: Causes, Diagnosis & Prevention
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What causes hoarseness? 28 possible conditions

Hoarseness, an abnormal change in your voice, is a common condition that’s often experienced in conjunction with a dry or scratchy throat. If your voice is hoarse, you may have a raspy, weak, or airy quality to your voice that prevents you from making... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Strep Throat

Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat. This common condition is caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria.

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2

Croup

Croup is a viral condition that causes swelling around the vocal cords. It's most active in the fall and winter months and targets children under the age of 5.

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3

Laryngitis

Laryngitis is when your voice box or vocal cords become inflamed from overuse, irritation, or infection. It comes in both acute and chronic forms.

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4

Epiglottitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Epiglottitis is characterized by inflamed tissue in your epiglottis. It's a potentially life-threatening illness. The epiglottis is at the base of the tongue.

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5

Laryngeal Cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a type of throat cancer that affects the larynx. The larynx is your voice box and it contains cartilage and muscles that help you talk. This type of cancer can damage your voice. When not treate...

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6

Chronic Laryngitis

Laryngitis occurs when your voice box and vocal cords become swollen and irritated. This fairly common condition often causes hoarseness or loss of voice.

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7

Goiter

A condition that increases the size of your thyroid is called a goiter. Read about causes and treatments.

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8

Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer occurs when a malignant (cancerous) tumor forms in the lining of the esophagus, which is the muscular tube responsible for moving food from the throat to the stomach. As the cancer grows, it can affec...

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9

Thyroid Nodule

A thyroid nodule is a lump in your thyroid gland that can be solid or filled with fluid, and is rarely cancerous.

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10

Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia gravis is a neuromusclar disorder. It results in weakness of the skeletal muscles, and can cause double vision and drooping of the eyelid.

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11

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that affects the throat and nose. Find information on diphtheria symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention.

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12

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is the most common type of endocrine cancer. Learn more about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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13

Acromegaly

Acromegaly is a rare hormonal condition caused by an excess amount of growth hormone in the body. It leads to excessive growth.

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14

Hashimoto's Disease

Hashimoto's disease is a condition that damages the thyroid's ability to function properly. It can cause a goiter, or enlarged thyroid, which can make the front of the neck look swollen.

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15

Types of Acid Reflux

Acid reflux symptoms are caused when stomach contents flow up from the stomach back into the esophagus, causing symptoms like heartburn, stomach pain, and burping.

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16

Peritonsillar Abscess

A peritonsillar abscess is usually a complication of tonsillitis or another bacterial infection. Get it treated quickly to avoid potentially serious problems.

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17

Food Allergy Basics

Food allergies are overblown responses by the immune system to foods that aren't typically harmful - like eggs and peanuts. Continue reading and learn more about food allergies, and how to prevent or treat sever...

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18

Sjogren's Syndrome

Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that primarily affects salivary and lacrimal glands. Read about signs and symptoms.

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19

Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland produces a hormone that controls how your cells use energy (metabolize). Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn't produce enough. Untreated, it can cause complications like obesity and heart disease.

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20

Lung Cancer Overview

Lung cancer is a cancer that originates in the lungs. Lung cancer often goes undetected in the early stages, since symptoms don't usually present themselves until the advanced stages of the disease.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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