Heartburn: Causes, Symptoms & Complications
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What causes heartburn? 21 possible conditions

Heartburn is a symptom that rarely has anything to do with your heart. It occurs when you feel a burning sensation in your chest that is often accompanied by a bitter taste in your throat or mouth. Symptoms of heartburn may get worse after you eat a large... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Types of Acid Reflux

Acid reflux symptoms are caused when stomach contents flow up from the stomach back into the esophagus, causing symptoms like heartburn, stomach pain, and burping.

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2

Hiatal Hernia

A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of your stomach pushes up through your diaphragm and into your chest cavity. Common symptoms include heartburn, belching, and abdominal discomfort.

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3

H. Pylori Infection

H. pylori are a type of bacteria that may not cause problems. However, sometimes it can cause pain, bloating, and burping, and may lead to ulcers or stomach cancer.

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4

Peptic Ulcer

Peptic ulcers are painful sores in the lining of the stomach, esophagus, or small intestine. Peptic ulcers are a fairly common health problem.

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5

Heart Attack Overview

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A clot blocks the blood flow to the heart (heart attack), and damages heart muscle. Symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, and a blue or grey tinge to the skin.

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6

Gastritis

Weakness in your stomach lining allows digestive juices to damage and inflame it, causing gastritis. It comes in both acute and chronic forms.

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7

Esophagitis

Esophagitis is inflammation of the esophagus that can be caused by acid reflux or certain medications. You may develop a sore throat or heartburn.

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8

Gallstones

Gallstones are hard deposits in the gallbladder that can eventually block the exiting bile ducts. Abdominal pain, fever, itchy skin, and jaundice are symptoms.

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9

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder occurs when you live in fear of a panic attack. You may be having a panic attack when you feel sudden, overwhelming terror with no obvious cause.

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10

Pregnancy

Bleeding or spotting, increased need to urinate, tender breasts, fatigue, nausea, and missed period are signs of pregnancy.

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11

Achalasia

The esophagus is the tube that carries food from your throat to your stomach. Achalasia occurs when your lower esophageal sphincter doesn't work properly.

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12

Angina Pectoris

Learn about stable angina and what causes it. Find information on stable angina symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.

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13

Unstable Angina

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Angina is a condition marked by a crushing pain in your chest. It is due to inadequate blood supply to your heart muscle, which deprives your heart of oxygen.

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14

Acute Cholecystitis - A Fancy Term for an Inflamed Gallbladder

Acute cholecystitis is also known as inflammation of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is an organ that sits below the liver and helps your body digest fats.

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15

Barrett’s Esophagus

Barrett's esophagus occurs when cells in the lining of the esophagus are damaged by exposure to acid from the stomach. Read about treatment options.

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16

Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer occurs when a malignant (cancerous) tumor forms in the lining of the esophagus, which is the muscular tube responsible for moving food from the throat to the stomach. As the cancer grows, it can affec...

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17

Stomach Cancer (Gastric Adenocarcinoma)

Stomach cancer occurs when cancerous cells form in the stomach lining. Because it's difficult to detect, it's often not diagnosed until it's more advanced.

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18

Metabolic Syndrome X

Metabolic syndrome X is a group of five risk factors that can increase your chance of developing cardiovascular diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. The risk factors include: increased blood pressure...

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19

Hernia

A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. Hernias are most common in the abdomen but can appear elsewhere.

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20

Beriberi

Beriberi is a term used for vitamin B1, or thiamine, deficiency. Vitamin B1 is found in foods like milk, beans, vegetables, meat, and whole grains.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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