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What causes hearing impairment and hearing loss on one side? 19 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Middle Ear Infection

A middle ear infection (otitis media) occurs when the area behind the eardrum becomes inflamed and fluid filled as a result of an infection or allergies. The condition is most common in children. It can cause pain...

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Eardrum Rupture

An eardrum rupture is a small hole or tear in your eardrum, or tympanic membrane. The tympanic membrane is a thin tissue that divides your middle ear and outer ear canal. This membrane vibrates when sound waves ente...

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Foreign Body in Ear

A foreign body is something that is in the body that does not belong there. Most foreign bodies are harmless but if they are swallowed, they may cause choking or bowel obstruction.

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Otitis Media with Effusion

Normally, the Eustachian tube drains fluid from your ears to the back of your throat. If it becomes clogged, otitis media with effusion (OME) can occur. If you have OME, the middle part of your ear is filled with fluid...

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Ear Barotrauma

Ear barotrauma causes ear discomfort due to pressure changes. Occasional ear barotrauma is common, especially in changing altitudes when flying in an airplane. It is generally not harmful, but frequent cases can caus...

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Menieres Disease

Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes vertigo, hearing problems, and a ringing sound. It's thought to be caused by changes in the fluid of the inner ear, and usually only affects one ear.

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Otitis Externa

An outer ear infection is an infection in the tube that connects the opening of the ear to the eardrum.

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Labyrinthitis is a disorder of the inner ear in which a nerve that detects head movement becomes inflamed. It causes dizziness, nausea, vertigo, and potentially permanent loss of hearing.

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Acoustic Trauma

Acoustic trauma is an injury to the inner ear that is often caused by exposure to a high decibel noise. This injury can be related to a single very loud noise or by exposure to a lower decibel noise over a long perio...

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Vertebrobasilar Circulatory Disorders

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Vertebrobasilar circulatory disorders are a group of diseases in which not enough blood is supplied to the back of the brain. Symptoms depend on the cause, but may include vision and sleep problems, dizziness, and more.

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Head Injury

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A head injury could be an injury to the brain, skull, or scalp. It can vary in severity depending on the cause. In some cases face swelling can be a sign of a head injury.

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Beriberi is caused by a vitamin B-1 (thiamine) deficiency. It's rare in areas that have access to nutritious food sources, but some diseases (ex. liver disease) and conditions (ex. prolonged diarrhea) can lead to it.

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Temporal Arteritis

Temporal arteritis is a condition in which the temporal arteries, which supply blood to the head and scalp, become inflamed or damaged. Scalp sensitivity or tenderness is a symptom.

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Paget's Disease of the Bone

A typical human skeleton consists of 206 bones. Bones are constantly being broken down and rebuilt. If this process is altered, bones can break down and re-form abnormally and in ways that compromise the integrity o...

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Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2)

Type 2 Neurofibromatosis is a genetic disorder that causes noncancerous tumors to grow on the cranial and spinal nerves.

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Brittle Bone Disease (Osteogenesis Imperfecta)

Brittle bone disease is a congenital disorder that results in fragile bones that break easily. Symptoms include short stature, easy bruising, curvature of the spine, and weakness.

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Shingles is an infection caused by the varicella-voster virus, which also causes chickenpox. Following pain and burning,fluid-filled blisters that break easily are common symptoms.

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Adult Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is the growth of abnormal cells in your brain. Whether the growth is cancerous or not, any brain tumor is serious. Symptoms can include both cognitive and physical control problems.

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Reye's Syndrome

Reye's syndrome is a rare condition that results in sudden swelling and inflammation of the liver and brain and is often accompanied by a red scaly rash. It is not contagious.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.