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What causes headache and vomiting? 55 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is caused by a virus and mostly affects children. The disease is marked by feeling unwell, often followed by a red rash on the cheeks.

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Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A (HAV) is a short-term type of hepatitis. It usually requires no treatment, but symptoms include fever, nausea, jaundice, and itchy skin, among others.

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SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a particularly serious form of viral pneumonia. In addition to fever, dry cough, breathing problems, and several other symptoms, one symptom of SARS is a rash.

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Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever is an infection that may develop after strep throat. It usually affects children between six and 15 years old. It can cause a rash that consists of small red bumps and feels like sandpaper.

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Acoustic Neuroma

Acoustic neuromas are noncancerous tumors that grow on the nerve that connects the brain and ear. They can cause dizziness, vertigo, headache, vision problems, and pain.

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Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the body's nervous system. It is most likely to be contracted by children under five years old.

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Medullary Cystic Disease

Medullary cystic kidney disease is a rare condition that causes cysts to form on kidneys. Kidney failure may result, symptoms of which can include changes in skin color and itchy skin.

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Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease that affects much of the tropical region and is caused by one of four dengue viruses. A skin rash between two and five days after the initial fever is a common symptom.

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Colorado Tick Fever

An infected Rocky Mountain Wood tick can spread Colorado tick fever, a viral infection. A faint, occasional rash is one symptom of this condition.

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Hydrocephalus is a condition that occurs when fluid builds up in the skull and causes the brain to swell. The name literally means "water on the brain."

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Skull Fractures

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A skull fracture is any break in the cranial bone, or the skull. It can result in bleeding, bruising, pain, and swelling. Less severe symptoms include headache, nausea, confusion, and blurred vision.

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Yellow fever

Yellow fever is a serious, potentially deadly flu-like disease spread by mosquitoes. It's found mostly in Africa and South America. Symptoms of stage 3 yellow fever include abdominal pain, vomiting, and jaundice.

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Brain Abscess

A brain abscess forms when fungi, viruses, or bacteria reach your brain through a wound in your head or an infection somewhere else in your body.

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Transfusion Reactions

A transfusion reaction is a rare condition that occurs when a person receives a transfusion with blood that is not matched to their blood type. This may cause symptoms such as back pain, fever, fainting, or dizziness.

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MRSA (Staph) Infection

MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus) is a type of contagious bacterial infection that is resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics. CA-MRSA typically causes lesions that are red, swollen, and painful to touch.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.