What causes headache and vomiting? 55 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

21

Caffeine Overdose

You're at risk for caffeine overdose when you ingest more than 200 to 300 mg of caffeine (about three 8-oz cups of coffee) in a day. Dizziness, diarrhea, headache, and severe thirst may occur.

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22

PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition that affects a woman

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23

Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Alcohol withdrawal delirium (AWD) is the most serious form of alcohol withdrawal. It causes sudden and severe problems in your brain and nervous system. Approximately five percent of hospital patients being treated fo...

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24

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease is a progressive, irreversible destruction of the kidneys. The most common causes are high blood pressure and diabetes. Symptoms don't show until about 90 percent of the kidney has been destroyed.

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25

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs when we inhale too much carbon monoxide. It can lead to tissue damage and possibly death. Signs include a dull headache, nausea, confusion, and blue lips or skin.

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26

Subdural Hematoma

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Subdural hematoma is an accumulation of blood on the brain's surface beneath the skull that's usually caused by a head injury and can be fatal. Headache, seizure, and slurred speech are signs.

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27

Addisonian Crisis (Acute Adrenal Crisis)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

People with Addison's disease don't make enough cortisol or aldosterone. Addisonian crisis is a potentially life-threatening condition indicated by nausea, abdominal pain, fever, and chills.

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28

Poisoning Due to Black Widow Spider Venom (Black Widow Spider Bites)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A black widow spider bite may cause redness and swelling in the area of the bite before more serious symptoms develop, including pain in the chest and abdomen, and muscle cramps.

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29

Toxic Shock Syndrome

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Toxic shock syndrome is a rare, serious condition caused by a bacterial infection. Rash is one of several common signs for this symptom.

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30

Giardiasis

Giardiasis is a parasitic infection of the small intestine. It may cause fatigue, stomach pain, bloating, and excessive gas.

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31

Shigellosis

The number one symptom of shigellosis, a bacterial infection, is diarrhea. Its symptoms vary in intensity, so you can have this infection and not know it.

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32

Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a condition in which a pregnant women has high blood pressure and protein in her urine after the 20th week of pregnancy. Abnormal swelling of the face and hands can be a sign of preeclampsia.

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33

Acute Mountain Sickness

Acute mountain sickness (altitude sickness or high altitude pulmonary edema) occurs in high altitudes, especially when exercising. A lack of oxygen can give the skin and lips a blue tinge.

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34

Weils Disease

Weil's disease is a severe form of the bacterial infection leptospirosis, which can lead to organ failure and bleeding. Symptoms include nausea, fever, headache, and jaundice.

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35

West Nile Virus Infection (West Nile Fever)

Spread by mosquitos, West Nile virus symptoms can vary in severity. Diarrhea and abdominal pain usually appears within two weeks of infection.

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36

Anthrax

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Anthrax is a serious illness caused by a microbe that lives in soil, called Bacillus anthracis. Inhalation may result in cold and flu symptoms; signs of ingestion include nausea and abdominal pain.

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37

Ebola Virus and Disease

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Ebola disease is a rare, often fatal illness. One of its late-stage symptoms is a bleeding rash over the entire body.

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38

End-Stage Kidney Disease

End-stage kidney disease is the final stage of kidney disease. Signs include an inability to urinate, headache, change in skin color, excessive thirst, and swelling in the legs and hands.

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39

Low Blood Sodium (Hyponatremia)

Low blood sodium, or hyponatremia, occurs when water and sodium are out of balance in your body. A quick drop in sodium levels can cause weakness, headache, nausea, and muscle cramps.

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40

Endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs when tissue from the lining of the uterus grows outside of it, forming growths on the ovaries and in the pelvic region.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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