Headache, Vomiting: 55 Possible Causes
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What causes headache and vomiting? 55 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Meningitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges. This is the membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis may occur when fluid surrounding the meninges becomes infected. The most common causes of meningiti...

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2

Migraine with Aura

Migraine is a disorder characterized by repeated attacks of severe headache. Symptoms include throbbing or pulsating pain, usually on only one side of the head, and can last between four hours and three days.

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3

Food Poisoning

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Food poisoning occurs when you consume foods contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Symptoms are usually uncomfortable but not severe.

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4

Cold and Flu Overview

Common colds and influenza are contagious infections that affect the respiratory system. Both are airborne illnesses, spread through coughing and sneezing. Shared symptoms include headache, cough, sore throat, and more.

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5

Encephalitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain tissue. It's most often caused by viral infections. In some cases, bacterial infections can cause encephalitis.

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6

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) refers to bleeding within the subarachnoid space, which is the area between your brain and the tissues that cover it.

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7

Malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It's typically transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito.

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8

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages your optic nerve. Learn what causes it.

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9

Swine Flu

Swine flu, or H1N1, is highly contagious and can spread quickly from person to person. A simple sneeze may cause thousands of germs to spread through the air. Symptoms are similar to regular influenza.

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10

Concussion

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury. Usually it occurs after an impact to your head or after a whiplash-type injury. A concussion can cause many severe symptoms that affect brain function.

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11

Allergies Overview

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An allergy is the immune system's response to a foreign substance (allergen) that is not typically harmful to a person's body. This attack response may involve inflammation, sneezing, and a host of other symptoms.

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12

Labyrinthitis

Labyrinthitis is an inner ear disorder in which a nerve that detects head movement becomes inflamed. Symptoms include dizziness, vertigo, and nausea.

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13

Brain Aneurysm

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An aneurysm in the brain is a weak area in an artery in the brain that bulges out and fills with blood. It can be unpredictable and life-threatening, and can cause extremely serious conditions.

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14

Strep Throat

Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat. This common condition is caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria.

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15

Malignant Hypertension (Arteriolar Nephrosclerosis)

Malignant hypertension is a rare and severe condition in which blood pressure is dangerously high. Learn more about symptoms and treatments.

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16

HELLP Syndrome

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

HELLP syndrome is a group of symptoms that can develop in pregnant women. Learn about HELLP syndrome symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.

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17

Painful Menstrual Periods

Menstruation is a monthly occurrence for women in which the body sheds the uterine lining, which is later passed through the vagina. Pain, cramping, and discomfort during menstruation is normal. Excessive pain is not.

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18

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication that stems from diabetes. If you don't have enough insulin to help your body process sugars (glucose), your body will start burning fat to fuel itself. As a result...

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19

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis can occur at any age and is a common childhood ailment. It is most often diagnosed in children from preschool age through their midteens.

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20

Adult Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is the growth of abnormal cells in your brain. Whether the growth is cancerous or not, any brain tumor is serious. Symptoms can include both cognitive and physical control problems.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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