Headache, Swollen lymph nodes: 19 Possible Causes
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What causes headache and swollen lymph nodes? 19 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Lymphangitis

Lymphangitis is an inflammation of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system. It is a network of organs, cells, ducts, and glands.

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2

Infectious Mononucleosis

Infectious mononucleosis, or mono, refers to a group of symptoms usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

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3

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis occurs when the tonsils (the lymph tissue in your throat) become infected. Symptoms include sore throat, fever, and swollen tonsils. Fortunately, it's normally easily diagnosed and treated.

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4

Strep Throat

Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat. This common condition is caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria.

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5

Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis is inflammation of the pharynx, which is in the back of the throat. It's most often referred to simply as "sore throat" and is very common.

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6

Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. There are several types of blood cells, including red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets. Generally, leukemia refers to cancers of the WBCs. Two types o...

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7

AIDS

There are many symptoms of the autoimmune disease HIV/AIDS, including persistent skin rashes, night sweats, and mouth sores.

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8

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. It is caused by a type of bacteria known as Treponema pallidum. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2006, more than 36,000 cases of syphilis wer...

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9

Acute HIV Infection

Acute HIV infection occurs soon after someone is infected with HIV. Learn about acute HIV infection symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

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10

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease and the most common type of lupus. One of its common symptoms is a rash on the cheeks and nose called a "butterfly rash."

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11

Shingles

Shingles is an infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which is the same virus that causes chickenpox. Chickenpox can live on in your nervous tissues.

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12

Sarcoidosis

Learn about sarcoidosis and its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and potential complications.

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13

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by parasites found in cat feces and undercooked meat, symptoms of which include swollen lymph nodes and fever.

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14

German Measles (Rubella)

German measles, also known as rubella, is a viral infection. Learn about German measles symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

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15

West Nile Virus Infection (West Nile Fever)

A mosquito bite can turn into something much more severe if you are infected with West Nile virus. Mosquitoes transmit this virus after they bite an infected bird and then bite a person. While not all people wit...

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16

Weils Disease

Weil's disease is a severe form of the bacterial infection leptospirosis, which can lead to organ failure and bleeding. Symptoms include nausea, fever, headache, and jaundice.

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17

Brucellosis

Brucellosis is a disease caused by bacteria from the genus Brucella. Learn more about how this condition is spread, symptoms, and treatment.

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18

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease that affects much of the tropical region and is caused by one of four dengue viruses. A skin rash between two and five days after the initial fever is a common symptom.

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19

Secondary Syphilis

Secondary syphilis is the second stage of this highly contagious sexually transmitted infection. Learn about the symptoms and treatments for secondary syphilis.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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