Headache, Stiff neck: 15 Possible Causes
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What causes headache and stiff neck? 15 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Meningitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Meningitis can affect you differently depending on your age. Learn more about the symptoms and risk factors for each age group.

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2

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) refers to bleeding within the subarachnoid space, which is the area between your brain and the tissues that cover it.

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3

Whiplash

Whiplash occurs when a person's head moves backward and then forward very suddenly with great force. This injury is most common following a car collision.

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4

Encephalitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain tissue. It's most often caused by viral infections. In some cases, bacterial infections can cause encephalitis.

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5

Infectious Mononucleosis

Infectious mononucleosis, or mono, refers to a group of symptoms usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

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6

Wry Neck (Torticollis)

Wry neck (Torticollis) is a tilted and twisted neck that can be congenital or result from muscle injury, swollen lymph nodes, ear infection, or other causes.

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7

Cervical Spondylosis

Cervical spondylosis, also known as cervical osteoarthritis or neck arthritis, is an age-related condition that affects the joints and discs in your neck.

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8

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is an infectious condition transmitted via tick bite. A "bull's eye" rash at the site of the bite is an early symptom of this disease.

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9

West Nile Virus Infection (West Nile Fever)

A mosquito bite can turn into something much more severe if you are infected with West Nile virus. Mosquitoes transmit this virus after they bite an infected bird and then bite a person. While not all people wit...

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10

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly infectious disease that primarily affects the lungs. Read more on whom it affects and how to treat it.

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11

Histoplasmosis

Histoplasmosis is a type of lung infection. It is caused by inhaling fungal spores. Spores are found in soil and in the droppings of bats and birds.

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12

Skull Fractures

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A skull fracture is any break in the cranial bone, or the skull. It can result in bleeding, bruising, pain, and swelling. Less severe symptoms include headache, nausea, confusion, and blurred vision.

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13

Cryptococcal Meningitis

Cryptococcal meningitis is a fungal infection and inflammation of the membranes covering your spinal cord and brain.

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14

Syphilitic Meningitis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can lead to meningitis if it's left untreated.

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15

Brain Abscess

An abscess of the brain is usually the result of a bacterial or fungal infection. The infection will cause your brain to swell from the collection of pus and dead cells that form. A brain abscess can form when fungi...

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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