Headache, Sore throat: 26 Possible Causes
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What causes headache and sore throat? 26 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Common Cold Overview

The common cold is a virus that involves symptoms like sneezing, a runny nose and a headache. Learn the causes, symptoms and treatments for the common cold now!

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2

Cold and Flu Overview

Common colds and influenza are contagious infections that affect the respiratory system. Both are airborne illnesses, spread through coughing and sneezing. Shared symptoms include headache, cough, sore throat, and more.

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3

Sinus Infections (Sinusitis)

A sinus infection, or sinusitis, is a condition that occurs when your nasal passages become infected and inflamed.

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4

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis, or hay fever, is your body's response to specific allergens. It causes uncomfortable symptoms like sneezing and itchy eyes.

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5

Swine Flu

Swine flu, or H1N1, is highly contagious and can spread quickly from person to person. A simple sneeze may cause thousands of germs to spread through the air. Symptoms are similar to regular influenza.

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6

Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis is inflammation of the pharynx, which is in the back of the throat. It's most often referred to simply as "sore throat" and is very common.

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7

Strep Throat

Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat. This common condition is caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria.

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8

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis can occur at any age and is a common childhood ailment. It is most often diagnosed in children from preschool age through their midteens.

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9

Bird Flu

Bird flu, also called avian influenza, is a viral infection that can also infect humans and other animals.

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10

Mumps

Mumps is a contagious disease caused by a virus that passes from one person to another through saliva, nasal secretions, and close personal contact.

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11

Infectious Mononucleosis

Infectious mononucleosis, or mono, refers to a group of symptoms usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

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12

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a viral infection that's common in children. Learn about symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention.

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13

Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is common in children. It causes a red rash on the arms, legs, and cheeks, and a virus called parvovirus B19 causes it.

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14

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a parasite. This parasite, called Toxoplasma gondii, can be found in cat feces and in undercooked meat.

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15

Weils Disease

Weil's disease is a severe form of the bacterial infection leptospirosis, which can lead to organ failure and bleeding. Symptoms include nausea, fever, headache, and jaundice.

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16

Acute HIV Infection

Acute HIV infection occurs soon after someone is infected with HIV. Learn about acute HIV infection symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

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17

Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever is an infection that can develop in people who have strep throat. Learn about the symptoms, treatment, complications, and prevention of scarlet fever.

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18

Peritonsillar Abscess

A peritonsillar abscess is usually a complication of tonsillitis or another bacterial infection. Get it treated quickly to avoid potentially serious problems.

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19

West Nile Virus Infection (West Nile Fever)

A mosquito bite can turn into something much more severe if you are infected with West Nile virus. Mosquitoes transmit this virus after they bite an infected bird and then bite a person. While not all people wit...

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20

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. It is caused by a type of bacteria known as Treponema pallidum. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2006, more than 36,000 cases of syphilis wer...

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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