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What causes headache, muscle pain and vomiting? 19 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Cold and Flu Overview

Common colds and influenza are contagious infections that affect the respiratory system. Both are airborne illnesses, spread through coughing and sneezing. Shared symptoms include headache, cough, sore throat, and more.

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Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It is typically transmitted through the bite of a mosquito infected with Anopheles. Nausea, chills, fever, and diarrhea are common symptoms.

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Swine Flu

Swine flu, also known as H1N1, is a highly contagious virus with symptoms similar to common influenza types. It spreads quickly from person to person, and can linger on tables and surface areas.

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Ebola Virus and Disease

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Ebola disease is a rare, often fatal illness. One of its late-stage symptoms is a bleeding rash over the entire body.

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Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease that affects much of the tropical region and is caused by one of four dengue viruses. A skin rash between two and five days after the initial fever is a common symptom.

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Subarachnoid hemorrhage

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

This life-threatening hemorrhage involves bleeding between the brain and the tissues that cover it. If you experience an extreme headache, a popping sound in your head, seizures, and other symptoms, seek immediate help.

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Colorado Tick Fever

An infected Rocky Mountain Wood tick can spread Colorado tick fever, a viral infection. A faint, occasional rash is one symptom of this condition.

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication that stems from diabetes. If you don't have enough insulin to help your body process sugars (glucose), your body will start burning fat to fuel itself. As a result...

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Toxic Shock Syndrome

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Toxic shock syndrome is a rare, serious condition caused by a bacterial infection. Rash is one of several common signs for this symptom.

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Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus that attacks the body's nervous system. It is most likely to be contracted by children under five years old.

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Weils Disease

Weil's disease is a severe form of the bacterial infection leptospirosis, which can lead to organ failure and bleeding. Symptoms include nausea, fever, headache, and jaundice.

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West Nile Virus Infection (West Nile Fever)

Spread by mosquitos, West Nile virus symptoms can vary in severity. Diarrhea and abdominal pain usually appears within two weeks of infection.

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Endometriosis is a disorder in which the tissue that forms the lining of your uterus grows outside of your uterine cavity. The lining is called the endometrium.

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Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is caused by a virus and mostly affects children. The disease is marked by feeling unwell, often followed by a red rash on the cheeks.

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Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A (HAV) is a short-term type of hepatitis. It usually requires no treatment, but symptoms include fever, nausea, jaundice, and itchy skin, among others.

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SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a particularly serious form of viral pneumonia. In addition to fever, dry cough, breathing problems, and several other symptoms, one symptom of SARS is a rash.

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Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever is an infection that may develop after strep throat. It usually affects children between six and 15 years old. It can cause a rash that consists of small red bumps and feels like sandpaper.

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Yellow fever

Yellow fever is a serious, potentially deadly flu-like disease spread by mosquitoes. It's found mostly in Africa and South America. Symptoms of stage 3 yellow fever include abdominal pain, vomiting, and jaundice.

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MRSA (Staph) Infection

MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus) is a type of contagious bacterial infection that is resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics. CA-MRSA typically causes lesions that are red, swollen, and painful to touch.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.