Frequent urination, Painful urination: 19 Possible Causes
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What causes frequent urination and painful urination? 19 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Urinary Tract Infection

UTIs are usually caused by bacteria and can occur in any part of the urinary tract. Symptoms of upper UTIs include pain in the upper back, chills, fever, and nausea.

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Bladder Infection

A bladder infection is a bacterial infection. It also may be called a urinary tract infection (UTI), which refers to infection anywhere in the urinary tract, including the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra.

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Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalized calcium or other substances that originate in the kidneys but can pass through the urinary tract. The greatest risk factor is making less than one liter of urine per day.

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Urethritis is a condition in which the urethra, or the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body, becomes inflamed and irritated.

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Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. Learn more about its symptoms and how your doctor can treat it.

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Urethral Stricture

Usually the urethra is wide enough for urine to flow freely through it. When it narrows, it can restrict urinary flow. This is known as a urethral stricture.

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Menopause is a natural biological process in women that marks the permanent end of menstruation and fertility. Hot flashes, vaginal dryness or pain, and frequent urination are signs.

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Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that affects warm, moist areas of the body. Early symptoms include pain when urinating and discharge.

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Bladder Cancer

The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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Benign Enlargement of Prostate

Benign enlargement of the prostate is a common condition in which your prostate gland swells beyond normal size.

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Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis

Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis is a condition that causes pain and inflammation in the prostate and the lower urinary tract in men.

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Bladder Neck Obstruction

Find information on bladder neck obstruction symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment.

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Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney and upper urinary tract. Symptoms include flushed skin, back pain, fever, and nausea.

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Urologic Diseases

Urologic diseases are a wide variety of conditions, all related to the processing and carrying of urine out of the body. They can affect people of all ages.

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Transitional Cell Cancer (Malignant Neoplasm of Ureter)

The renal pelvis and the ureter are lined with specific types of cells called transitional cells. Cancer begins in the transitional cells.

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Prostate Cancer Overview

Learn prostate cancer information, causes, symptoms and treatments.

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Reactive Arthritis (Reiter's Syndrome)

Reactive arthritis is a type of arthritis triggered by an infection in the body.

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Chlamydia Infection

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that should be treated quickly in order to avoid complications. It is caused by bacteria that are usually spread through sexual contact. People with chlamydia often don't hav...

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Hydronephrosis is a condition that typically occurs when one kidney swells due to the failure of normal drainage of urine from the kidney to the bladder.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.