What causes fever, sore throat and swollen lymph nodes? 12 possible conditions

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See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Strep Throat

Strep throat is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and pain in the throat. It's especially common in children. Look out for sudden fever, a red throat with white patches, headache, and chills.

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2

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis occurs when the tonsils (the lymph tissue in your throat) become infected. Symptoms include sore throat, fever, and swollen tonsils. Fortunately, it's normally easily diagnosed and treated.

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3

Infectious Mononucleosis

Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono," is a group of symptoms caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. One potential symptom is a pink rash that looks like the measles.

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4

Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis is inflammation of the pharynx (the back of the throat). This can cause soreness, scratchiness, and difficulty swallowing. Most cases occur during colder months when the humidity is low.

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5

Laryngitis

Laryngitis occurs when the voice box or vocal cords become inflamed from overuse, irritation, or infection. It can be short or long term. The inflammation that causes laryngitis can be tied to a variety of conditions...

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6

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by parasites found in cat feces and undercooked meat, symptoms of which include swollen lymph nodes and fever.

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7

Acute HIV Infection

Acute HIV infection is the primary stage of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus. There are several telltale symptoms, one of which is a rash.

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8

Adult-Onset Still's Disease

This relatively rare inflammatory condition begins with fever and may lead to arthritis. Women and people between the ages of 16 and 46 are most at risk.

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9

Weils Disease

Weil's disease is a severe form of the bacterial infection leptospirosis, which can lead to organ failure and bleeding. Symptoms include nausea, fever, headache, and jaundice.

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10

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that affects the membranes of the throat and nose. Although it spreads easily, diphtheria can be prevented through the use of vaccines. If left untreated, diphtheria can cause sever...

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11

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. It is caused by a type of bacteria known as Treponema pallidum. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2006, more than 36,000 cases of syphilis wer...

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12

West Nile Virus Infection (West Nile Fever)

A mosquito bite can turn into something much more severe if you are infected with West Nile virus. Mosquitoes transmit this virus after they bite an infected bird and then bite a person. While not all people wit...

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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