Eye Pain: Causes, Treatments & Prevention
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What causes eye pain? 26 possible conditions

Eye pain is also known as ophthalmalgia. Depending on where you experience the discomfort, eye pain can fall into one of two categories: ocular pain (occurs on the eye’s surface), and orbital pain (occurs within the eye). Eye pain is common, but it’s rarely... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages your optic nerve. Learn what causes it.

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2

External Eyelid Stye (Hordeolum Externum)

An external eyelid stye is an inflamed area or bump on the eyelid. The medical term for a stye is hordeolum externum . Styes are red, painful lumps (most look like pimples) near the edge of the eyelid, where th...

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3

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as "pink eye," is an infection or swelling in the outer membrane of your eyeball. Blood vessels in your conjunctiva, a thin membrane that lines part of your eye, become inflamed. Thi...

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4

Sinus Infections (Sinusitis)

A sinus infection, or sinusitis, is a common condition that affects 30 million people in the United States each year, according to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. The infection occurs whe...

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5

Nearsightedness (Myopia)

Nearsightedness is an eye condition in which faraway objects appear blurry. Learn more about symptoms, causes, and treatment.

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6

Farsightedness

Farsightedness means it's easy for you to see things that are far away but not close-up. Discover other symptoms and treatment options.

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7

Eyelid Turned In (Entropion)

Entropion is when your eyelid rotates inward. Your eyelashes rub against your eye and cause redness, irritation, and abrasions on the cornea of your eye.

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8

Allergic Conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis is an eye inflammation caused by an allergic reaction to substances like pollen. Your eyes may become red, itchy, and watery.

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9

Dry Eye Syndrome

There are a lot of conditions and medications that can cause dry eye syndrome. Read about the causes and treatment options.

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10

Rheumatoid Arthritis Overview

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease, a disease in which the immune system mistakes the body's own cells for invaders. In RA, the immune system attacks the synovia, the membranes lining the joints.

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11

Migraine with Aura

Migraine is a disorder characterized by repeated attacks of severe headache. Symptoms include throbbing or pulsating pain, usually on only one side of the head, and can last between four hours and three days.

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12

Corneal Abrasion

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

The cornea is a thin, transparent dome that covers your eye's iris and pupil. The iris is the colored part of your eye, and the pupil is the black center. All light that enters your eye and allows you to see strike...

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13

Cluster Headaches

Cluster headaches are severely painful and occur in cycles. Read more for tips on how to treat and relieve them.

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14

Uveitis

Uveitis is swelling of the middle layer of the eye, which provides blood to the retina. Read about causes, symptoms, and treatment.

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15

Corneal Ulcer

A corneal ulcer is an open sore that forms on the cornea. It's usually caused by an infection. Even small injuries to the eye can lead to infections.

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16

Multiple Sclerosis Overview

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. MS can cause varying symptoms that appear with a wide range of severity, from mild discomfort to complete disability.

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17

Optic Neuritis

The optic nerve carries visual information from your eye to your brain. Optic neuritis (ON) is when your optic nerve becomes inflamed, causing vision loss.

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18

Brain Aneurysm

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An aneurysm in the brain is a weak area in an artery in the brain that bulges out and fills with blood. It can be unpredictable and life-threatening, and can cause extremely serious conditions.

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19

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that occurs as a result of damaged blood vessels of the retina in people who have diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy can develop whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. While you ma...

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20

Hyphema

A hyphema is a collection of blood in the eye, between the cornea and the iris. It is painful, and requires immediate medical attention.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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