Ecchymosis | Symptom Checker
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What causes ecchymosis? 25 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Fracture

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A fracture is a broken bone that typically occurs when a bone is impacted by more force or pressure than it can support. In an open fracture, the ends of the broken bone tear the skin.

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2

Bleeding

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Bleeding can refer to blood loss inside the body (internal bleeding) or blood loss outside of the body (external bleeding). It can cause bruising, pain, and symptoms of shock. Too much bleeding can lead to death.

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3

Seizures

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Seizures are changes in the brain's electrical activity. This change can cause dramatic, noticeable symptoms or it may not cause any symptoms. The symptoms of a severe seizure include violent shaking and a loss o...

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4

Animal Bite

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Learn what to do if a pet or a wild animal has bitten you.

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5

Concussion

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury. Usually it occurs after an impact to your head or after a whiplash-type injury. A concussion can cause many severe symptoms that affect brain function.

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6

Epidural Hematoma

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An epidural hematoma occurs when blood fills the area between the skull and the protective covering of the brain. It usually results from a traumatic injury to the head, and puts you at risk for brain damage or death.

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7

Head Injury

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A head injury is an injury to your brain, skull, or scalp. All head injuries should be treated seriously and assessed by a doctor.

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8

Human Bites

Human bites are common in children and should be cleaned and treated immediately to avoid infection.

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9

Sprains & Strains

Sprains and strains are injuries to the body, often resulting from physical activity. These injuries are common and can range from minor to severe, depending on the incident. Most don't require medical attention.

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10

Von Willebrand Disease

Von Willebrand disease is a bleeding disorder that occurs due to a deficiency of von Willebrand factor. Learn about the symptoms and treatment.

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11

Rotator Cuff Injury

The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons that help stabilize the shoulder and aid in movement. Rotator cuff strains or tears are caused by overuse or acute injury. Repetitive lifting can put you at risk.

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12

Hemophilia A

Hemophilia A is the most common form of the blood clotting disorder hemophilia. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, nine out of 10 people with hemophilia have hemophilia A (<...

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13

Factor V Deficiency

Factor V deficiency is a very rare blood clotting disorder that results in slow or prolonged blood clotting after an injury or surgery.

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14

Necrotizing Fasciitis (Soft Tissue Inflammation)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Learn the facts about necrotizing fasciitis, which is a rare infection among healthy people.

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15

Meniscus Tear of the Knee

The meniscus is a piece of cartilage that provides a cushion between your thighbone (femur) and shinbone (tibia). There are two menisci in each knee joint.

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16

Medial Collateral Ligament Injury of the Knee (MCL Tear)

An injury to the medial collateral ligament (MCL) is often called an MCL sprain. Ligament injuries can either stretch the ligament or tear it.

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17

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear

A tear in your anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can cause pain and swelling. Learn symptoms and treatment options.

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18

Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) runs along the back of the knee and can be strained, sprained, or torn.

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19

Factor II Deficiency

Factor II deficiency is a rare blood clotting disorder that can lead to excessive or prolonged bleeding after an injury.

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20

Factor X Deficiency

Factor X deficiency, also called Stuart-Prower factor deficiency, is a condition caused by not having enough of the protein known as factor X in your blood.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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