What causes ecchymosis? 25 possible conditions

Viewing 1 - 20 of 25 results

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Fracture

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A fracture is a broken bone that typically occurs when a bone is impacted by more force or pressure than it can support. In an open fracture, the ends of the broken bone tear the skin.

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2

Bleeding

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Bleeding can refer to blood loss inside the body (internal bleeding) or blood loss outside of the body (external bleeding). It can cause bruising, pain, and symptoms of shock. Too much bleeding can lead to death.

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3

Seizures

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Seizures are changes in the brain's electrical activity that cause violent shaking and loss of bodily control. Bruises can result from injuries sustained during a seizure.

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4

Animal Bite

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An animal bite can break the skin, resulting in a puncture wound or an open wound. Bites that don't break the skin can cause bruising due to ruptured blood vessels under the skin.

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5

Concussion

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury. Usually it occurs after an impact to your head or after a whiplash-type injury. A concussion can cause many severe symptoms that affect brain function.

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6

Epidural Hematoma

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An epidural hematoma occurs when blood fills the area between the skull and the protective covering of the brain. It usually results from a traumatic injury to the head, and puts you at risk for brain damage or death.

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7

Head Injury

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A head injury could be an injury to the brain, skull, or scalp. It can vary in severity depending on the cause. In some cases face swelling can be a sign of a head injury.

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8

Human Bites

Human bites are often caused by children or the result of a physical fight. Symptoms of a bite include bruising, swelling, bleeding, and can lead to infection if untreated.

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9

Sprains & Strains

Sprains and strains are injuries to the body, often resulting from physical activity. These injuries are common and can range from minor to severe, depending on the incident. Most don't require medical attention.

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10

Von Willebrand Disease

Von Willebrand disease is a rare bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor (VWF), which helps blood clot. Symptoms include excessive nose bleeds and easy bruising.

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11

Rotator Cuff Injury

The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons that help stabilize the shoulder and aid in movement. Rotator cuff strains or tears are caused by overuse or acute injury. Repetitive lifting can put you at risk.

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12

Hemophilia A

Hemophilia A (factor VIII deficiency) is the most common form of the blood clotting disorder hemophilia. It can cause prolonged bleeding, tight joints, and unexplained bruising.

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13

Factor V Deficiency

Factor V deficiency is a very rare blood clotting disorder also known as Owren's disease or parahemophilia. It results in slow or prolonged blood clotting, bruising, and nosebleeds.

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14

Necrotizing Fasciitis (Soft Tissue Inflammation)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Necrotizing fasciitis or flesh eating disease

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15

Meniscus Tear of the Knee

A meniscus tear of the knee occurs when the cartilage between the thigh and shin bones become damaged due to improper pressure on or rotation of the knee. The area will become swollen, painful, and bruised.

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16

Medial Collateral Ligament Injury of the Knee (MCL Tear)

An MCL sprain is a sprain of the ligament that connects the top of the shinbone to the bottom of the thighbone, usually caused by a direct blow to the knee. You may notice bruising and tenderness.

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17

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear

An ACL tear happens when the ligament in your knee that holds the shinbone in place is torn. This type of injury usually occurs in athletes, and may cause bone bruising.

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18

Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

A PCL tear is a tear in the ligament that keeps the knee joint stable. This injury will cause swelling, stiffness, and pain in the knee. Severe tears may require surgery.

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19

Factor II Deficiency

Factor II deficiency is a very rare blood clotting disorder caused by a lack of prothrombin, a protein that helps blood clot. Severe cases may cause unexplained bruising, bleeding gums, and nosebleeds.

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20

Factor X Deficiency

Factor X deficiency, also called Stuart-Prower factor deficiency, is a condition caused by not having enough of the protein known as factor X (ten) in your blood. A common symptom is easy bruising.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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