What causes dizziness and shortness of breath? 34 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Heart Attack Overview

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A clot blocks the blood flow to the heart (heart attack), and damages heart muscle. Symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, and a blue or grey tinge to the skin.

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2

Abnormal Heart Rhythms

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia) is a change in the heart's beating pattern. There are many different types with different causes and effects. Possible symptoms are feeling faint, chest pain, and sweating.

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3

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is a condition chararcterized by persistent anxiety and recurrent panic attacks. Sweating or chills are possible signs of a panic attack.

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4

Hyperventilation

Hyperventilation happens when you suddenly start breathing very quickly. Exhaling more than you inhale causes low carbon dioxide levels, which leads to lightheadedness and tingling in the fingers.

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5

High Blood Pressure Overview

High blood pressure (hypertension) increases your risk for heart attack, stroke, coronary heart disease, and other serious health problems. Left untreated, high blood pressure can damage blood vessels and vital organs.

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6

Cold and Flu Overview

Common colds and influenza are contagious infections that affect the respiratory system. Both are airborne illnesses, spread through coughing and sneezing. Shared symptoms include headache, cough, sore throat, and more.

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7

Bleeding

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Bleeding can refer to blood loss inside the body (internal bleeding) or blood loss outside of the body (external bleeding). It can cause bruising, pain, and symptoms of shock. Too much bleeding can lead to death.

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8

Beriberi

Beriberi is caused by a vitamin B-1 (thiamine) deficiency. It's rare in areas that have access to nutritious food sources, but some diseases (ex. liver disease) and conditions (ex. prolonged diarrhea) can lead to it.

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9

Hypovolemic Shock

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Hypovolemic shock is a life-threatening condition that results when you lose more than 20 percent (one-fifth) of your body's blood or fluid supply. This severe fluid loss makes it impossible for the heart to pum...

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10

Hypothermia

Hypothermia is a condition that occurs when your body temperature drops below 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Major complications can result from this drop in temperature, including death. Hypothermia is particularly dangerou...

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11

Ventricular Tachycardia

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a very fast heartbeat caused by a malfunction of the heart's pacing mechanism. VT can occur with or without heart disease. Symptoms include fainting, dizziness, and more.

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12

Caffeine Overdose

You're at risk for caffeine overdose when you ingest more than 200 to 300 mg of caffeine (about three 8-oz cups of coffee) in a day. Dizziness, diarrhea, headache, and severe thirst may occur.

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13

Pulmonary Embolism

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that affects blood flow to the lungs. It can damage part of the lung due to restricted blood flow, decrease blood oxygen. The most common symptom is shortness of breath.

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14

Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) is a faster-than-normal heart rate. It can last from a few minutes to several hours. PSVT is a fairly common type of (arrhythmia) that can occur in a person of any age.

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15

Atrial Flutter

Atrial flutter (AFL) is a type of abnormal heart rate, or arrhythmia. It occurs when the upper chambers of your heart (the atria) beat too fast. When the top of your heart (atria) beats faster than the botto...

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16

Epidural Hematoma

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An epidural hematoma occurs when blood fills the area between the skull and the protective covering of the brain. It usually results from a traumatic injury to the head, and puts you at risk for brain damage or death.

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17

Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter

Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter are irregular heart rhythms that occur when the upper chambers of your heart (the atria) beat too fast.Atrial fibrillation can be sustained or can occur in bursts. It creates a...

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18

The Catastrophy of Cardiac Tamponade

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Cardiac tamponade is a serious medical condition in which fluids fill the space between the sac around the heart and the heart muscle, creating pressure. Symptoms include anxiety, short breath, fainting, and more.

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19

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) occurs when the heart muscle (myocardium) becomes thicker than normal. This interferes with your heart's ability to pump blood. Possible symptoms are dizziness, chest pain, and more.

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20

Multifocal Atrial Tachycardia and Your Heart

In multifocal atrial tachycardia (MAT), the upper heart chambers send electrical signals through too many pathways to the lower chambers, causing the heart beats much faster than normal. This can lead to rapid pulse an...

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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