Sign up for our newsletter
Get health tips, wellness advice, and more

Thanks for signing up!
You've been added to our list and will hear from us soon.

See all Healthline's newsletters »
Advertisement
Let's see if we can figure out what's causing your disorientation.
Select additional symptoms and we'll narrow your results.

What causes disorientation? 16 possible conditions

Disorientation is an altered mental state. A person who’s disoriented may not know their location and identity or the time and date.

It’s often accompanied with other symptoms such as:

  • confusion, or being unable to think with... Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Head Injury

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A head injury is an injury to your brain, skull, or scalp. All head injuries should be treated seriously and assessed by a doctor.

Read more »

2

Dementia Overview

Find out what you need to know about dementia, and learn how it's different from ordinary aging.

Read more »

3

Partial Seizures

The human brain works by sending electrical signals through neurons, which are nerve cells. A seizure occurs when there's a surge in this electrical activity.

Read more »

4

What is Alzheimer's Disease?

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia, is a progressive brain disorder. Learn about the causes, signs and research being done about AD.

Read more »

5

Sleeplessness

Insomnia is a sleep disorder. Individuals who suffer from insomnia find it difficult to fall asleep, stay asleep, or both. They don't feel refreshed when they wake up from sleeping. This can lead to fatigue and othe...

Read more »

6

Meningitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Meningitis can affect you differently depending on your age. Learn more about the symptoms and risk factors for each age group.

Read more »

7

Encephalopathy

Encephalopathy is a general term that describes a disease that damages your brain. Learn about some of the different types and causes of encephalopathy.

Read more »

8

Acute Mountain Sickness

Acute mountain sickness, or altitude sickness, is a condition that occurs when your body can't adjust to a high level of altitude.

Read more »

9

Encephalitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain tissue. It's most often caused by viral infections. In some cases, bacterial infections can cause encephalitis.

Read more »

10

Chronic Respiratory Failure

Learn about chronic respiratory failure causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

Read more »

11

Pyelonephritis

Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney and upper urinary tract. Symptoms include flushed skin, back pain, fever, and nausea.

Read more »

12

Dissection of the Aorta

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

The aorta is a large artery that carries blood out of your heart. If you experience a dissection of the aorta, it means that blood has entered the wall of the artery, between the inner and middle layers. This can happe...

Read more »

13

Sleepwalking

Also known as somnambulism, sleepwalking is a condition where a person walks or moves around as if he or she is awake while asleep. Sleepwalkers may perform a variety of activities while asleep, including gettin...

Read more »

14

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease and Mad Cow Disease

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is an infectious disease that causes the brain to degenerate. Learn about causes, symptoms, and its connection to "mad cow disease."

Read more »

15

Whipple's Disease

Bacteria cause Whipple's disease. This disease can make it difficult for your body to absorb nutrients. Learn about its symptoms.

Read more »

16

Delirium

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Delirium is an abrupt change in the brain that causes mental confusion and emotional disruption. It makes it difficult to think, remember, sleep, pay attention, and more. You might experience the condition durin...

Read more »

This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement