SymptomChecker

There are 36 possible causes of dark urine

Viewing 1 - 20 of 36 results

Definition

Dark urine is urine that is a deeper (usually brown, deep yellow or maroon) color rather than the usual straw to yellow color.

Alternative Names

Urine looks dark.

Synopsis

Urine is produced in the kidneys, which are important organs for the health of our body. When we take fluid in, it passes from our digestive system into our circulatory system and is filtered through the kidneys. The kidneys get rid of waste products via the urine. The ureters are tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder. The bladder empties the urine via the urethra, the tube through which we urinate. Dark urine is most commonly due to dehydration and concentrated urine but it may be an indicator that excess, unusual or potentially dangerous waste products are circulating in the body. For example, dark brown urine may indicate liver disease due to the presence of bile products, whereas bloody (reddened) urine is an indication of many other potential problems, including direct injury to the kidneys.

Associated Diagnoses

  • Hepatitis
  • Rhabdomyolysis
  • Cirrhosis
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Dehydration
  • Trauma
  • Biliary obstruction
  • Gallstones
  • Bladder stones
  • Bladder cancer
  • Jaundice
  • Liver disease
  • Kidney cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Malaria
  • Thalessemia
  • Porphyrias
  • Side effects of blood-thinning medications
  • Bladder or kidney stones

Diagnosis and Treatments

A comprehensive evaluation by a physician, including a urinalysis, is necessary when dark urine is present. Treatment will depend on your medical history, symptoms and the results of any laboratory studies and other diagnostic tests.

Call your provider:

Any change in the color of the urine that is not known to be due to eating a certain food or medication should be reported to your doctor. Report blood in the urine to your doctor immediately.

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Possible Causes - Listed in order from the most common to the least.

1

Dehydration

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Dehydration occurs when you lose more fluid than you drink. The most common cause of water loss from the body is excessive sweating. Headaches, dizziness, and decreased urination are symptoms.

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2

Yellow Skin (Jaundice)

Jaundice is yellowing of the skin and eyes and can indicate a serious problem with liver, gallbladder, or pancreas function.

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3

Gallstones

Gallstones are hard deposits in the gallbladder that can eventually block the exiting bile ducts. Abdominal pain, fever, itchy skin, and jaundice are possible symptoms.

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4

Heat Emergencies

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Heat emergencies are health crises caused by exposure to hot weather and sun. Heat emergencies have three stages: heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heatstroke. All three stages are serious.

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5

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is swelling and inflammation of the liver. It's usually caused by a viral infection. There are several types of hepatitis, including: A, B, C, D, and E. Symptoms may not occur until liver damage occurs.

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6

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A (HAV) is a short-term type of hepatitis. It usually requires no treatment, but symptoms include fever, nausea, jaundice, and itchy skin, among others.

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7

Bladder Stones: The Bad, the Ugly, and the Good

Bladder stones are crystallized minerals that form when concentrated urine (less water and more waste products) is left in the bladder after urination. About 95 percent of urine is water. The other five percent i...

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8

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a disease that causes inflammation and infection in the liver. Symptoms of chronic cases may not be obvious at first, whereas acute hepatitis C sets in quickly after exposure to the virus.

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9

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is liver inflammation caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It can be chronic or acute, but most cases are chronic. This disease is easily spread through blood, saliva, and other body fluids.

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10

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is severe scarring and poor function of the liver caused by long-term exposure to toxins such as alcohol or viral infections. Certain medications and disorder can also cause cirrhosis.

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11

Hepatitis E

The hepatitis E virus is transmitted via the intestinal tract and is not caused by the hep-A virus. It is spread most often by contaminated drinking water.

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12

Hepatitis D

Hepatitis D, also known as the delta virus, is an infection that causes your liver to swell. It is caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV) and is uncommon in the United States. Hepatitis D is one of many forms o...

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13

Acute Pancreatitis

Chances are, you don't know a lot about your pancreas. But when the pancreas becomes inflamed, you're going to feel the pain. Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation in the pancreas, an organ found behind the stomach an...

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14

Porphyrias

Porphyrias are a group of rare inherited blood disorders. People with these disorders do not make heme, a component of hemoglobin (protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen) properly. Heme is made of porphyrin (...

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15

Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disease of the red blood cells (RBCs). Normally RBCs are shaped like a disk. This gives them the flexibility to travel through even the smallest blood vessels. However, in people wit...

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16

Transitional Cell Cancer (Malignant Neoplasm of Ureter)

The tube that connects the kidneys to the bladder is known as the ureter . Most healthy people have two kidneys and, therefor, two ureters. The top of each ureter is found in the middle of the kidney in an area known a...

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17

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer causes destruction of liver cells and interferes with the ability of the liver to function normally. There are several types, but it is classified in general as being primary or secondary. Primary live...

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18

Infectious Mononucleosis

Infectious mononucleosis, often called "mono," is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It typically occurs in teenagers, but you can get it at any age. The virus is spread through saliva, which is why some peopl...

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19

Glomerulonephritis

The glomeruli are structures in your kidneys made up of tiny blood vessels. These knots of vessels help filter blood and remove excess fluid. If your glomeruli are damaged, your kidneys will stop longer work properly...

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20

Breast Milk Jaundice

Jaundice, characterized by yellow-tinged skin and eyes, is common in the first week of your newborn's life. Occasionally jaundice will persist or re-emerge up to the sixth week in healthy, breastfed infants. Breast mil...

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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