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What causes craniofacial abnormalities and growth retardation? 4 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is the most common genetic condition in the United States. It causes physical and mental developmental delays and disabilities.

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) occurs when a baby is born with varied mental and physical defects due to the mother consuming alcohol during pregnancy.

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Cleft Palate And Lip

Cleft palate and cleft lip, also referred to as orofacial defects, are birth defects that affect more than 7,000 babies in the United States every year, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). A cleft li...

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Genetic changes that occur while the fetus is growing can cause disorders that are present at birth. These are sometimes referred to as "congenital disorders." Acrodysostosis is one such condition, albeit a rare one...

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.