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What causes cough? 92 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Nicotine Dependence

Nicotine addiction occurs when a person becomes addicted to nicotine, which is a chemical found in tobacco. The addiction is physical, mental, and behavioral.

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A goiter is the abnormal increase in the size of your thyroid gland, a gland in the neck. Goiters have many possible causes, including iodine deficiency. The primary symptom of a goiter is noticeable swelling in you...

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Esophagitis is inflammation of the esophogas that can be caused by acid reflux or certain medications. You may develop a sore throat or heartburn.

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Mitral Valve Prolapse

Your mitral valve is located on the left side of your heart, between two chambers, the atrium and the ventricle. Blood is pumped from the left atrium through the mitral valve and into the left ventricle on its way t...

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Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a condition that occurs when the heart muscle is weakened due to insufficient blood flow to the heart's muscle. This inhibits the heart's ability to pump blood and can lead to heart failure.

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Marijuana Dependence

Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States. Uncontrollable or overly frequent marijuana consumption may indicate abuse or addiction.

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Hypertensive Heart Disease

Hypertensive heart disease refers to heart conditions caused by high blood pressure. Possible signs of acute hypertension include sweating and chills.

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Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is caused by a virus and mostly affects children. The disease is marked by feeling unwell, often followed by a red rash on the cheeks.

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Laryngeal Cancer

Laryngeal cancer is a type of throat cancer that affects the larynx. The larynx is your voice box and it contains cartilage and muscles that help you talk. This type of cancer can damage your voice. When not treate...

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Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is a cancer that affects the thyroid, a gland at the base of the throat that forms an important part of the endocrine system.

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Neutropenia occurs when a type of white blood cell called neutrophils that protects your body from infections is low. It can cause symptoms like gum inflammation and mouth sores.

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Achalasia is a condition of the esophagus -- the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach -- which can cause food to get stuck. The cause of this condition can be difficult to find.

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SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a particularly serious form of viral pneumonia. In addition to fever, dry cough, breathing problems, and several other symptoms, one symptom of SARS is a rash.

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Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer occurs when a malignant (cancerous) tumor forms in the lining of the esophagus, which is the muscular tube responsible for moving food from the throat to the stomach. As the cancer grows, it can affec...

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Kaposi's Sarcoma

Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a cancerous tumor. It commonly appears in multiple locations on the skin and around the nose, mouth, genitals, and/or anus, but can also attack the internal organs. It's caused by a virus calle...

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Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a form of heart disease caused by alcohol abuse. Long-term alcohol abuse weakens and thins the heart muscle. The damaged muscle cannot pump blood as it should, which deprives the bod...

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Weils Disease

Weil's disease is a severe form of the bacterial infection leptospirosis, which can lead to organ failure and bleeding. Symptoms include nausea, fever, headache, and jaundice.

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Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by a bite from an infected sandfly. It can affect the skin or internal organs. Symptoms of visceral leishmaniasis often appear months after exposure.

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This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Acute silicosis is a rapidly progressing respiratory disease that occurs when silica dust particles are inhaled, creating small cuts that can scar the lung tissue and make breathing difficult.

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Malignant Hypertension (Arteriolar Nephrosclerosis)

This form of high blood pressure comes on very quickly and requires immediate medical help. You're especially at risk if you already have hypertension or smoke.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.