Coma, Vomiting: 23 Possible Causes
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What causes coma and vomiting? 23 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Head Injury

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A head injury is an injury to your brain, skull, or scalp. All head injuries should be treated seriously and assessed by a doctor.

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2

Encephalitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain tissue. It's most often caused by viral infections. In some cases, bacterial infections can cause encephalitis.

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3

Low Blood Sodium (Hyponatremia)

Low blood sodium, or hyponatremia, occurs when water and sodium are out of balance in your body. A quick drop in sodium levels can cause weakness, headache, nausea, and muscle cramps.

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4

Brain Abscess

An abscess of the brain is usually the result of a bacterial or fungal infection. The infection will cause your brain to swell from the collection of pus and dead cells that form. A brain abscess can form when fungi...

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5

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication that stems from diabetes. If you don't have enough insulin to help your body process sugars (glucose), your body will start burning fat to fuel itself. As a result...

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6

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Learn about carbon monoxide poisoning and what causes it. Find information on carbon monoxide symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

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7

Acute Kidney Tubular Necrosis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Acute kidney tubular necrosis is caused when blood cannot reach the tissues and cells of the kidneys due to a blockage or restriction. This causes damage.

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8

Meningitis

Meningitis can affect you differently depending on your age. Learn more about the symptoms and risk factors for each age group.

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9

Addisonian Crisis (Acute Adrenal Crisis)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An Addisonian crisis occurs when levels of cortisol suddenly drop. Learn more about an Addisonian crisis, including symptoms, risk factors, and treatment.

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10

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the progressive and irreversible destruction of the kidneys. The most common causes of CKD are high blood pressure and diabetes.

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11

Reye's Syndrome

Reye's syndrome is a rare condition that strikes without warning. It most often affects children ages 4 to 12 who are recovering from a viral infection.

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12

Isopropyl Alcohol Poisoning

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Find information on isopropyl alcohol poisoning symptoms, causes, and diagnosis. Learn what to do if you suspect you have isopropyl alcohol poisoning.

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13

Acetaminophen Overdose

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is a pain reliever found in over-the-counter and prescription medications. Overdose can cause liver damage.

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14

Acetone Poisoning

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Acetone poisoning occurs when there's more acetone in your body than the liver can break down. Acetone is a clear liquid that smells like nail polish remover.

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15

Hypercalcemia

Hypercalcemia is a condition in which you have too much calcium in your blood. Serious cases could cause symptoms like abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, and weakness.

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16

Medullary Cystic Disease

Medullary cystic kidney disease (MCKD) is a rare condition in which small, fluid-filled sacs called cysts form in the center of the kidneys. These cysts scar the kidneys and cause them to malfunction. In order t...

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17

Malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It's typically transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito.

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18

Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD)

Maple syrup urine disease is a rare, inherited,

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19

Beriberi

Beriberi is a term used for vitamin B1, or thiamine, deficiency. Vitamin B1 is found in foods like milk, beans, vegetables, meat, and whole grains.

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20

Yellow fever

Yellow fever is a serious, potentially deadly flu-like disease spread by mosquitoes. It's characterized by a high fever and jaundice. It isn't curable.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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