Bulging Fontanelles: Causes, Diagnosis and Prevention
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Let's see if we can figure out what's causing your bulging fontanelle.
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What causes bulging fontanelle? 4 possible conditions

Soft spots, or fontanels, are spots where a baby’s skull hasn’t fused yet. Spots that bulge can be dangerous. Learn how to detect these. Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is a condition that occurs when fluid builds up in the skull and causes the brain to swell. The name literally means "water on the brain."

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2

Encephalitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain tissue. It's most often caused by viral infections. In some cases, bacterial infections can cause encephalitis.

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3

Meningitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Meningitis can affect you differently depending on your age. Learn more about the symptoms and risk factors for each age group.

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4

Shaken Baby Syndrome

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Shaken baby syndrome is caused by forcefully and violently shaking a baby. Learn about shaken baby syndrome symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

Read more »

This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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