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Conditions list medically reviewed by George Krucik, MD, MBA
UTIs are usually caused by bacteria and can occur in any part of the urinary tract. Symptoms of upper UTIs include pain in the upper back, chills, fever, and nausea.
Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalized calcium or other substances that originate in the kidneys but can pass through the urinary tract. The greatest risk factor…
Obstructive uropathy happens when your urine flow reverses direction due to a blockage in one of your ureters.
Urethritis is a condition in which the urethra, or the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body, becomes inflamed and irritated.
Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney and upper urinary tract. Symptoms include flushed skin, back pain, fever, and nausea.
Crystallized minerals left in your bladder after urination can develop into bladder stones. Read more on causes of these and how to treat them.
The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
Polycystic kidney disease is an inherited kidney disorder. It causes fluid-filled cysts to form in the kidneys. It may impair kidney function.
Usually the urethra is wide enough for urine to flow freely through it. When it narrows, it can restrict urinary flow. This is known as a urethral stricture.
Wilms' tumor is the most common type of kidney cancer in children. Learn more about symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common kind of kidney cancer found in adults. Often aggressive, it occurs when cancer cells grow uncontrollably in the lining of the…
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare disorder that causes red blood cells to break down sooner than they should.
Preeclampsia is when you have high blood pressure and protein in your urine during pregnancy. It can be dangerous for both you and your baby. Learn about its symptoms…
Porphyrias are rare types of genetic blood disorders in which patients have a defect in heme production, an important part of hemoglobin. Blisters are a sign of…
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. Excessive sweating at night, fatigue, weight loss, bone pain, and easy bleeding or bruising are signs of this disease.
Red blood cells are normally shaped like discs, which allows them to travel through blood vessels. Sickle cell disease causes red blood cells to be sickle-shaped. Read…
Necrotizing vasculitis is the inflammation of blood vessel walls. It can interrupt blood flow, causing skin, muscle, and blood vessel damage.
Hypercalcemia is a condition in which you have too much calcium in your blood.
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a serious but rare disease of the blood vessels caused by an immune system malfunction.
Vasculitis is inflammation of blood vessels. It can damage blood vessels by thickening, scarring, and weakening the cell walls.
This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose. Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.