Blood in urine, Painful urination: 16 Possible Causes
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What causes blood in urine and painful urination? 16 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalized calcium or other substances that originate in the kidneys but can pass through the urinary tract. The greatest risk factor is making less than one liter of urine per day.

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Obstructive Uropathy

Obstructive uropathy happens when your urine flow reverses direction due to a blockage in a ureter.

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Urinary Tract Infection

UTIs are usually caused by bacteria and can occur in any part of the urinary tract. Symptoms of upper UTIs include pain in the upper back, chills, fever, and nausea.

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Urethritis is a condition in which the urethra, or the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body, becomes inflamed and irritated.

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Urethral Stricture

Usually the urethra is wide enough for urine to flow freely through it. When it narrows, it can restrict urinary flow. This is known as a urethral stricture.

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Bladder Cancer

The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

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Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney and upper urinary tract. Symptoms include flushed skin, back pain, fever, and nausea.

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Benign Enlargement of Prostate

Benign enlargement of the prostate is a common condition in which your prostate gland swells beyond normal size.

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Prostate Cancer Overview

Learn prostate cancer information, causes, symptoms and treatments.

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Reactive Arthritis (Reiter's Syndrome)

Reactive arthritis is a type of arthritis triggered by an infection in the body.

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Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder. Most often it is caused by a bacterial infection known as a urinary tract infection (UTI).

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Renal Cell Cancer

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common kind of kidney cancer found in adults. Often aggressive, it occurs when cancer cells grow uncontrollably in the lining of the tubules of the kidney, causing many possible symptoms.

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Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis

Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis is a condition that causes pain and inflammation in the prostate and the lower urinary tract in men.

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Acute Prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is the sudden onset of inflammation in your prostate. Learn how to recognize and treat this uncomfortable condition.

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Transitional Cell Cancer (Malignant Neoplasm of Ureter)

The renal pelvis and the ureter are lined with specific types of cells called transitional cells. Cancer begins in the transitional cells.

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Acute Infective Cystitis

Acute cystitis is a sudden inflammation of the bladder. Learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatment.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.