What causes blindness, blurred vision and visual impairment? 17 possible conditions

Viewing 17 of 17 results

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a term for several eye conditions that can damage your optic nerve. It has many types, and over time it can lead to vision loss.

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2

Head Injury

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A head injury could be an injury to the brain, skull, or scalp. It can vary in severity depending on the cause. In some cases face swelling can be a sign of a head injury.

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3

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

This life-threatening hemorrhage involves bleeding between the brain and the tissues that cover it. If you experience an extreme headache, a popping sound in your head, seizures, and other symptoms, seek immediate help.

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4

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that occurs as a result of damaged blood vessels of the retina in people who have diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy can develop whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. While you ma...

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5

Brain Aneurysm

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An aneurysm in the brain is a weak area in an artery in the brain that bulges out and fills with blood. It can be unpredictable and life-threatening, and can cause extremely serious conditions.

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6

Retinal Detachment

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

When the retina separates from the back of the eye, this is known as retinal detachment. It is a medical emergency that can cause partial or total vision loss.

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7

Cataract

Cataracts are dense, cloudy areas that slowly form in the lens of the eye. They are common in older people, but can also be present at birth or caused by medications, disease, trauma, or radiation.

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8

Making Sense of Hypertensive Retinopathy

Hypertensive retinopathy is a condition in which high blood pressure causes vision problems by limiting the retina's function and increasing pressure on the optic nerve.

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9

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Macular degeneration, also called age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a disease that causes vision loss. According to the Cleveland Clinic, this is the most common cause of vision loss in Americans over the ag...

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10

Optic Neuritis

Optic neuritis is a condition in which the optic nerve becomes inflamed and causes vision loss, usually in one eye. Vision can return after the inflammation goes away.

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11

Retinal Vascular Occlusion

Retinal vascular occlusion affects the eye, specifically the retina. An occlusion occurs when one of the veins or arteries carrying blood to or from the retina becomes blocked or contains a blood clot. The blockag...

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12

Strabismus

Strabismus is a disorder in which the eyes do not line up in the same direction. People with strabismus cannot look at the same object or place with both eyes at the same time. The condition is often referred to a...

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13

Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease where granulomas (clumps of immune cells, usually macrophages) form in various organs. This causes organ inflammation. Doctors believe that sarcoidosis may be caused by an abnorma...

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14

Tay-Sachs Disease

Tay-Sachs is a disease of the central nervous system; it is a neurodegenerative disorder. Tay-Sachs most commonly affects infants. In infants, it is a progressive disease that is unfortunately always fatal. Rarely...

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15

Eye Emergencies

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An eye emergency occurs anytime you have a foreign object or chemicals in your eye, or when an injury or burn affects your eye area. Remember you should seek medical attention if you ever experience swelling, redness...

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16

Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome

Basal cell nevus syndrome is a group of defects caused by a rare genetic condition. It affects the skin, endocrine system, nervous system, eyes, and bones. Other names for basal cell nevus syndrome include: Gorli...

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17

Vertebrobasilar Circulatory Disorders

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

An intricate web of blood vessels supply the brain with oxygen and vital nutrients. A group of arteries known as the vertebrobasilar arteries feeds the back (posterior) of the brain. Vertebrobasilar arteries ar...

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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