Aphasia: Types, Causes, and Treatment
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What causes aphasia? 15 possible conditions

Aphasia is a communication disorder that occurs due to brain damage in one or more areas that control language. It can interfere with your verbal communication, written communication, or both. It can cause problems with your ability to: Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Head Injury

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

A head injury is an injury to your brain, skull, or scalp. All head injuries should be treated seriously and assessed by a doctor.

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2

What is Alzheimer's Disease?

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia, is a progressive brain disorder. Learn about the causes, signs and research being done about AD.

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3

Hypovolemic Shock

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Hypovolemic shock (hemorrhagic shock) is a life-threatening condition that results when you lose more than 20 percent of your body's blood or fluid supply, preventing the heart from pumping sufficient blood to your body.

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4

Mini Stroke (Transient Ischemic Attack)

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

During a transient ischemic attack (TIA, mini stroke) blood stops flowing to the brain for a short period of time. TIA doesn't kill brain cells like a stroke does. TIA causes symptoms that mimic those of a stroke.

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5

Intracerebral Hemorrhage

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is when blood suddenly bursts into brain tissue, causing damage to the brain. Symptoms usually appear suddenly during ICH.

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6

Mental Retardation

If your child has an intellectual disability (ID), their brain doesn't develop properly. Their brain may also not function within the normal range of both intellectual and adaptive functioning. In the past, medica...

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7

Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia gravis is a neuromusclar disorder. It results in weakness of the skeletal muscles, and can cause double vision and drooping of the eyelid.

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8

Multiple Sclerosis Overview

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. MS can cause varying symptoms that appear with a wide range of severity, from mild discomfort to complete disability.

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9

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable thoughts and fears (obsessions). These obsessions cause repetitive behaviors (compulsions) that a person uses in an effort t...

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10

Oral Cancers

Oral cancer is a cancer that affects the tissues of the mouth and throat, one symptom of which may be a lump in the neck.

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11

Botulism

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Botulism (or botulism poisoning) is a rare but very serious illness that transmits through food, contact with contaminated soil, or through an open wound.

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12

Carotid Stenosis

Carotid stenosis is a narrowing or blockage of the carotid arteries, which carry blood to your brain. If blood flow to your brain is interrupted, a stroke occurs.

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13

Primary Cerebral Lymphoma

Primary cerebral lymphoma is also known as brain lymphoma or central nervous system lymphoma. The brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system. Cells called lymphocytes are part of the lymph system and ca...

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14

Adult Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is the growth of abnormal cells in your brain. Whether the growth is cancerous or not, any brain tumor is serious. Symptoms can include both cognitive and physical control problems.

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15

Reye's Syndrome

Reye's syndrome is a rare condition that strikes without warning. It most often affects children ages 4 to 12 who are recovering from a viral infection.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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