What causes anemia and fatigue? 43 possible conditions

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See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Failure to Thrive

Your child may be diagnosed with failure to thrive if he or she falls below a healthy weight and shows signs of emotional underdevelopment. Typically, failure to thrive is discovered during a child's infant years. Idea...

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2

Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia, which occurs when the body does not have enough of the mineral iron. The body needs iron to produce hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the body's tissues...

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3

Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland produces a hormone that controls how your cells use energy (metabolize). Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn't produce enough. Untreated, it can cause comlications like obesity and heart disease.

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4

Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia

Folic acid deficiency anemia is caused by having too little vitamin B9 (folate) in your blood. Folate is necessary for your body to make new red blood cells. Red blood cells are needed to carry oxygen to your organs. I...

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5

Thalassemia

Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder that results in excessive destruction of red blood cells (anemia). Symptoms depend on its severity, and can range from minor anemia to enlargement of organs or fetal death.

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6

Ulcerative Colitis

In UC, the lining of the large intestine and the rectum become inflamed. This produces tiny sores or ulcers on the lining of the colon, often accompanied by diarrhea and cramping.

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7

Hookworm Infections

Hookworms are parasites that affect the small intestine and lungs. The first sign of infection is usually a rash where the parasite entered the skin, followed by diarrhea.

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8

Megaloblastic Anemia

Megaloblastic anemia is a blood disorder marked by the appearance of very large red blood cells that crowd out healthy cells, causing anemia. Numbness or tingling in hands and feet is common sign.

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9

Amebiasis

Amebiasis is a parasitic infection, common in tropical countries and caused by contaminated water. Symptoms can be severe and usually start one to four weeks after exposure.

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10

Bleeding Esophageal Varices

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Bleeding esophageal varices occur when swollen veins in your lower esophagus rupture and bleed due to excess pressure. This condition is a medical emergency and must be dealt with promptly.

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11

Hypovolemic Shock

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Hypovolemic shock is a life-threatening condition that results when you lose more than 20 percent (one-fifth) of your body's blood or fluid supply. This severe fluid loss makes it impossible for the heart to pum...

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12

Celiac Disease (Gluten Intolerance)

Celiac disease is a digestive disorder. It is caused by an immune reaction to gluten. Celiac disease is also known as: sprue nontropical sprue gluten intolerance gluten-sensitive enteropathy Gluten is a protein found i...

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13

Pernicious Anemia

Pernicious anemia (PA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body fails to make enough healthy red blood cells (RBCs). The body requires vitamin B-12 and a type of protein called intrinsic factor (IF) to make red bloo...

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14

Malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It is typically transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. When this mosquito bites you, the parasite i...

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15

Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. There are several types of blood cells, including red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets. Generally, leukemia refers to cancers of the WBCs. Two types o...

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16

Hemophilia A

Hemophilia A is the most common form of the blood clotting disorder hemophilia. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, nine out of 10 people with hemophilia have hemophilia A (<...

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17

Drug-Induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia

Drug induced immune hemolytic anemia (DIIHA) is an extremely rare blood disorder. According to research published in the journal Hematology, the condition is estimated to occur in one in every 1 million people.

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18

Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disease of the red blood cells (RBCs). Normally RBCs are shaped like a disk. This gives them the flexibility to travel through even the smallest blood vessels. However, in people wit...

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19

Colorectal (Colon) Cancer

Colorectal cancer is a cancer that originates in the rectum or colon. Both of these organs are located at the lower portion of your digestive system. The colon is at the end of the large intestine and the rectum is a...

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20

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins located around the anus or in the lower rectum. According to the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, millions of Americans suffer with hemorrhoids.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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