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What causes abnormal urine color and pain? 21 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalized calcium or other substances that originate in the kidneys but can pass through the urinary tract. The greatest risk factor is making less than one liter of urine per day.

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Urinary Tract Infection

UTIs are usually caused by bacteria and can occur in any part of the urinary tract. Symptoms of upper UTIs include pain in the upper back, chills, fever, and nausea.

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Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It's commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis.

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Pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney and upper urinary tract. Symptoms include flushed skin, back pain, fever, and nausea.

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Benign Enlargement of Prostate

Benign enlargement of the prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia, is a common condition where the prostate gland swells beyond normal size. It is a normal condition of male aging but can interfere with urination.

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Porphyrias are rare types of genetic blood disorders in which patients have a defect in heme production, an important part of hemoglobin. Blisters are a sign of porphyria cutanea tarda, the most common type of porphyria.

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Idiopathic Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a group of blood disorders that occur when red blood cells are destroyed faster than they're produced. Symptoms include weakness, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, and others.

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Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer occurs in the tissues of the bladder, which is the organ that holds urine. Fatigue, weight loss, painful or frequent urination, and abdominal or back pain are symptoms.

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Prostate Cancer Overview

Learn prostate cancer information, causes, symptoms and treatments.

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Drug-Induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia

Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia (DIIHA) is a rare blood disorder in which your immune system begins attacking your red blood cells. Symptoms include dark urine, fast heartbeat, and jaundice.

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Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly infectious disease that primarily affects the lungs. A severe and long-lasting cough, fever, and night sweats could indicate an active TB infection.

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Endocarditis is inflammation of the inner lining of the heart. Possible symptoms of this condition include pale skin, chills, and night sweats.

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Wilms' Tumor

Wilms' tumor is the most common type of kidney cancer in children. It's typically diagnosed around three years of age. Children might display constipation, abdominal pain, fever, and loss of appetite.

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Renal Cell Cancer

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common kind of kidney cancer found in adults. Often aggressive, it occurs when cancer cells grow uncontrollably in the lining of the tubules of the kidney, causing many possible symptoms.

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Rhabdomyolysis is breakdown of muscle fibers. Muscle breakdown causes the release of myoglobin into the bloodstream. Myoglobin can cause kidney damage. Symptoms include dark urine, muscle weakness, and fatigue. Abou...

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Bladder Infection

A bladder infection is a bacterial infection. It also may be called a urinary tract infection (UTI), which refers to infection anywhere in the urinary tract, including the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra.

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Infective Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis is an infection of the heart, normally caused by bacteria in the blood stream. It is a serious medical condition. If left untreated, the infection can damage your heart and may even cause death.

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Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A (HAV) is a short-term type of hepatitis. It usually requires no treatment, but symptoms include fever, nausea, jaundice, and itchy skin, among others.

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Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is liver inflammation caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It can be chronic or acute, but most cases are chronic. This disease is easily spread through blood, saliva, and other body fluids.

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Hepatitis D

Hepatitis D is an infection of the hepatitis D virus that causes your liver to swell and is uncommon in the United States. It is almost always contracted by people with hepatitis B.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.