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What causes abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding and pain? 25 possible conditions

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.


Types of Acid Reflux

Acid reflux symptoms are caused when stomach contents flow up from the stomach back into the esophagus, causing symptoms like heartburn, stomach pain, and burping.

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Peptic Ulcer

Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, esophagus, or rarely in small intestine. They are usually caused by H. pylori, excessive NSAID or alcohol usage, smoking, or stomach cancer.

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Stomach Ulcer

Stomach ulcers are painful sores in the stomach lining or small intestine. They occur when the mucus that protects the stomach from digestive juices is reduced.

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Diverticulitis occurs when the bulging sacs that usually appear in the lining of the large intestine get infected or inflamed. This usually causes abdominal tenderness on the lower left side, nausea, and diarrhea.

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Crohn’s Disease

Crohn's disease is a chronic bowel disease that causes severe inflammation of the digestive tract. It is associated with abdominal pain, diarrhea, and may affect your quality of life. Crohn's disease is characterized b...

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Cirrhosis is severe scarring and poor function of the liver caused by long-term exposure to toxins such as alcohol or viral infections. Certain medications and disorder can also cause cirrhosis.

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This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Most common in boys, intussusception occurs when a portion of the intestines become enfolded, causing a blockage. Symptoms include abdominal pain, vomiting, bloody stools, and others. It is potentially life-threatening.

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Colorectal (Colon) Cancer

Colorectal cancer is a cancer that originates in the rectum or colon. Both of these organs are located at the lower portion of your digestive system. The colon is at the end of the large intestine and the rectum is a...

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Alcoholic Liver Disease

Damage to the liver from excessive drinking can lead to ALD. Years of alcohol abuse cause the liver to become inflamed and swollen. This damage can also cause scarring known as cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is the final stage o...

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Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerence occurs when a person's small intestine can't break down lactose, an enzyme found in dairy foods. The condition can cause many gastrointestinal symptoms.

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The number one symptom of shigellosis, a bacterial infection, is diarrhea. Its symptoms vary in intensity, so you can have this infection and not know it.

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Stomach Cancer (Gastric Adenocarcinoma)

Gastric cancer forms inside the stomach. Symptoms include pain or fullness in the stomach, nausea, and dark stool.

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Ulcerative Colitis

In UC, the lining of the large intestine and the rectum become inflamed. This produces tiny sores or ulcers on the lining of the colon, often accompanied by diarrhea and cramping.

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Liver Cancer

Liver cancer causes destruction of liver cells and interferes with the ability of the liver to function normally. Cancer that originates in the liver can spread from the liver to other parts of the body.

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The Many Sides of Bacterial Gastroenteritis

Bacterial infections are common causes of gastrointestinal infections. This type of infection is also called "food poisoning" and is often caused by poor hygiene or ingesting foods contaminated with bacteria.

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Colitis is inflammation of the colon, often causing discomfort and pain in the abdomen, as well as other gastrointestinal symptoms. Colitis has many possible causes, which determine the type.

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Ischemic Colitis

Ischemic colitis (IC) is inflammation of the large intestine (colon). IC occurs when not enough blood flows to the colon. Abdominal pain is a common symptom. Others are diarrhea, vomiting, and belly tenderness.

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Proctitis occurs when the rectum becomes inflamed, causing pain and discomfort. It sometimes causes a constant urge to defecate. It's treated with medications, lifestyle changes, and infrequently surgery.

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Hookworm Infections

Hookworms are parasites that affect the small intestine and lungs. The first sign of infection is usually a rash where the parasite entered the skin, followed by diarrhea.

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Ebola Virus and Disease

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Ebola disease is a rare, often fatal illness. One of its late-stage symptoms is a bleeding rash over the entire body.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.