What causes abdominal pain, abdominal swelling and ascites? 12 possible conditions

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See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Peritonitis

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

Peritonitis is the inflammation of a thin layer of tissue inside the abdomen. Caused by bacteria or fungus, it causes tenderness, bloating, fatigue, greying of the skin, and other problems.

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2

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is severe scarring and poor function of the liver caused by long-term exposure to toxins such as alcohol or viral infections. Certain medications and disorder can also cause cirrhosis.

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3

Alcoholic Liver Disease

Damage to the liver from excessive drinking can lead to ALD. Years of alcohol abuse cause the liver to become inflamed and swollen. This damage can also cause scarring known as cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is the final stage o...

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4

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is swelling and inflammation of the liver. It's usually caused by a viral infection. There are several types of hepatitis, including: A, B, C, D, and E. Symptoms may not occur until liver damage occurs.

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5

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a disease that causes inflammation and infection in the liver. Symptoms of chronic cases may not be obvious at first, whereas acute hepatitis C sets in quickly after exposure to the virus.

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6

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer causes destruction of liver cells and interferes with the ability of the liver to function normally. Cancer that originates in the liver can spread from the liver to other parts of the body.

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7

Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is cancer of the pancreas, an organ that secretes an enzyme that breaks down fats, carbs, and proteins. Pancreatic cancer can obstruct the outflow of bile from the liver and causes yellow skin.

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8

Hepatitis E

The hepatitis E virus is spread most often by contaminated drinking water. It is different from the hep-A virus but the symptoms are similar. Most cases clear up on their own after a few weeks. In other cases, the viru...

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9

Hepatitis D

Hepatitis D is an infection of the hepatitis D virus that causes your liver to swell and is uncommon in the United States. It is almost always contracted by people with hepatitis B.

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10

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is liver inflammation caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It can be chronic or acute, but most cases are chronic. This disease is easily spread through blood, saliva, and other body fluids.

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11

Burkitt's Lymphoma

Burkitt's lymphoma is a relatively rare and aggressive form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a type of cancer of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system helps your body to fight infections...

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12

Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a lymphatic system cancer. Tumors develop from lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. NHL is more common than Hodgkin's lymphoma. Many types of cancers can spread to the lymph nodes...

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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