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What causes abdominal mass? 20 possible conditions

An abdominal mass is an abnormal growth in the abdomen. An abdominal mass causes visible swelling and may change the shape of the abdomen. A person with an abdominal mass may notice weight gain and symptoms such as abdominal discomfort, pain, and bloating.  Read more

See a list of possible causes in order from the most common to the least.

1

Ovarian Cysts

Most women will develop at least one cyst on their ovaries during their lives. In most cases, these cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.

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2

Gall Bladder Inflammation

The term "gallbladder disease" refers to several types of conditions that can affect your gallbladder.

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3

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn's disease is a chronic bowel disease that causes severe inflammation of the digestive tract. It is associated with abdominal pain, diarrhea, and may affect your quality of life. Crohn's disease is characterized b...

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4

Fibroids

Fibroids are abnormal growths that develop in or on a woman's uterus. Learn about fibroids' major indicators, including heavy bleeding, pelvis pain, cramping, and bloating.

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5

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

The aorta carries blood from your heart down to your abdomen, legs, and pelvis. Swollen aortic walls in the abdomen is known as an abdominal aortic aneurysm.

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6

Intestinal Obstruction

If your small or large intestine becomes blocked, fluid and digested food cannot move through. This can cause bloating, stomach cramps, and burping.

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7

Colorectal (Colon) Cancer

Colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the rectum or colon, located in the lower portion of the digestive system.

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8

Liver Cancer

Learn about liver cancer symptoms, types, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

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9

Diverticulitis

Diverticula are bulging sacs that can appear in the lining of your large intestine. Diverticulitis occurs when these sacs get acutely infected or inflamed.

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10

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a rare cancer that affects the sympathetic nervous system, usually in young children. Learn about the symptoms and treatment options.

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11

Hernia

A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. Hernias are most common in the abdomen but can appear elsewhere.

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12

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalized calcium or other substances that originate in the kidneys but can pass through the urinary tract. The greatest risk factor is making less than one liter of urine per day.

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13

Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most deadly forms of cancer and is often difficult to detect. Learn more about symptoms and treatments.

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14

Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a cancer of the lymphatic system that occurs when tumors develop from the lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell.

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15

Renal Cell Cancer

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common kind of kidney cancer found in adults. Often aggressive, it occurs when cancer cells grow uncontrollably in the lining of the tubules of the kidney, causing many possible symptoms.

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16

Hydronephrosis

Hydronephrosis is a condition that typically occurs when one kidney swells due to the failure of normal drainage of urine from the kidney to the bladder.

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17

Burkitt's Lymphoma

Burkitt's lymphoma is a relatively rare and aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

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18

Pancreatic Pseudocyst

A pancreatic pseudocyst is a collection of tissue and fluids that forms on your pancreas.

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19

Stomach Cancer (Gastric Adenocarcinoma)

Stomach cancer occurs when cancerous cells form in the stomach lining. Because it's difficult to detect, it's often not diagnosed until it's more advanced.

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20

Abdominal Lump

An abdominal lump is a swelling or bulge that emerges from any area of the abdomen.

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This feature is for informational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose.
Please consult a healthcare professional if you have health concerns.
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