Drugs A - Z

Muira puama (Ptychopetalum olacoides)

treats Erectile dysfunction and Sexual dysfunction

Generic Name: Ptychopetalum

Category

Herbs & Supplements

Synonyms

Herbal vY®, jarrow, lignum, marapama, marapuama, maripuama, muira-puama, muira puama wood, muirapuam, Muirae puama, muirapuamine, Olacaceae (family), olacoides, potency bark, potency wood, potenzholz, Ptychopetali lignum, ptychopetalum, Ptychopetalum guyanna, Ptychopetalum olacoides Bentham, Ptychopetalum unicatum, Ptychopetalum uncinatum Anselmino, Ptychopetalum unicatum Anselmino, Ptychopetalum spp., raiz del macho, Testor-plus®.

Note: Not to be confused with Acanthea virilis or Liriosma ovata (also called muira puama).

Background

Historically, all parts of the plant have been used medicinally, but the bark and roots are most highly utilized. Indigenous tribes in Brazil use the tea for treating neuromuscular problems, rheumatism, influenza, cardiac and gastrointestinal asthenia and to prevent baldness. In Europe, muira puama has a long history in herbal medicine as an anti-rheumatic, aphrodisiac, a tonic for the nervous system, and for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders.

Muira puama is included in combination products as a remedy for sexual impotence. Recent studies show promising evidence that it may increase sexual vitality and treat erectile dysfunction in males. Muira puama has also been used by bodybuilders and weight lifters to improve physical performance. This is due to proposed testosterone-like effects of muira puama.

If buying preparations of muira puama, do so with caution, as Liriosma ovata and Acanthea virilis are commonly incorrectly sold as muira puama.

Evidence

DISCLAIMER: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Erectile dysfunction: Muira puama has long been used by Brazilian indigenous people as a treatment for impotence, and preliminary study has investigated muira puama's use for erectile dysfunction. Additional human study is needed before a firm recommendation can be made.
Grade: C

Sexual dysfunction (females): Muira puama has historically been recommended for enhancement of libido. However, there are no well-conducted human clinical trials available of monotherapy muira puama for this indication. Additional study is needed in this area.
Grade: C

Tradition

WARNING: DISCLAIMER: The below uses are based on tradition, scientific theories, or limited research. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider. There may be other proposed uses that are not listed below.
Aging, alopecia (hair loss), Alzheimer's disease, analgesic (pain reliever), anxiety, aphrodisiac, appetite stimulation, ataxia (loss of coordination), atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), athletic performance enhancer, baldness, beriberi (vitamin deficiency), cancer, cardiac conditions (asthenia), CNS stimulant, depression, diarrhea, dysentery (severe diarrhea), dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation), dyspepsia (upset stomach), energy, fatigue, gastric ulcers, gastrointestinal conditions (asthenia), hookworm, hypercalcemia (high calcium level), impotence, infertility, influenza, libido, memory improvement, menstrual cramps, menstrual irregularities, mental performance, nervous exhaustion, neuralgia (nerve pain), neurasthenia (nerve exhaustion), neuromuscular disorders, pain, paralysis, poliomyelitis (viral disease), premenstrual syndrome (PMS), rheumatism, stimulant, strength enhancement, stress, stroke, tonic, trauma.

Dosing

Adults (18 years and older):

There is no proven effective dose for muira puama. However, for erectile dysfunction, up to 2,580 milligrams of Herbal vY® daily for two weeks has been used with minimal side effects.

Children (younger than 18 years):

There is no proven effective dose for muira puama in children.

Licensed from
The Healthline Site, its content, such as text, graphics, images, search results, HealthMaps, Trust Marks, and other material contained on the Healthline Site ("Content"), its services, and any information or material posted on the Healthline Site by third parties are provided for informational purposes only. None of the foregoing is a substitute for professional medical advice, examination, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on the Healthline Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately. Please read the Terms of Service for more information regarding use of the Healthline Site.
Advertisement